Skip to main content
construction release_alert
Scholars@Duke will be undergoing maintenance April 11-15. Some features may be unavailable during this time.
cancel

Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Xu, X; Kwok, SC
Published in: Memory (Hove, England)
September 2019

Incongruence between the narrated (encoded) order and the actual chronological order of events is ubiquitous in various kinds of narratives and information modalities. The iconicity assumption in text comprehension proposes that readers will by default assume the chronological order to match the narrated order. However, it is not clear whether this iconicity assumption would directly bias inferred chronology of events and memory of their narrated order. In the current study, using non-linearly narrated video narratives as encoding materials, we dissociated the narrated order and the underlying chronological order of events. In Experiment 1, we found that participants' judgments of the chronological order of events were biased by the narrated order, but not vice versa. In Experiment 2, when the chronological positions of events were provided during encoding, participants' judgments of the chronological order were not biased by the narrated order, rather, their memory of the narrated order of events was biased by the chronological order. Interpreting the bias under a descriptive Bayesian framework, we offer a new perspective on the role of the iconicity assumption as prior belief, apart from prior knowledge about event sequences, in event understanding as well as memory.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Memory (Hove, England)

DOI

EISSN

1464-0686

ISSN

0965-8211

Publication Date

September 2019

Volume

27

Issue

8

Start / End Page

1079 / 1090

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Video Recording
  • Time Factors
  • Narration
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Comprehension
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Xu, X., & Kwok, S. C. (2019). Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory. Memory (Hove, England), 27(8), 1079–1090. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1622734
Xu, Xinming, and Sze Chai Kwok. “Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory.Memory (Hove, England) 27, no. 8 (September 2019): 1079–90. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1622734.
Xu X, Kwok SC. Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory. Memory (Hove, England). 2019 Sep;27(8):1079–90.
Xu, Xinming, and Sze Chai Kwok. “Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory.Memory (Hove, England), vol. 27, no. 8, Sept. 2019, pp. 1079–90. Epmc, doi:10.1080/09658211.2019.1622734.
Xu X, Kwok SC. Temporal-order iconicity bias in narrative event understanding and memory. Memory (Hove, England). 2019 Sep;27(8):1079–1090.

Published In

Memory (Hove, England)

DOI

EISSN

1464-0686

ISSN

0965-8211

Publication Date

September 2019

Volume

27

Issue

8

Start / End Page

1079 / 1090

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Video Recording
  • Time Factors
  • Narration
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Comprehension