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Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Ozdemir, S; Ng, S; Chaudhry, I; Finkelstein, EA
Published in: Int J Health Policy Manag
May 1, 2022

BACKGROUND: The unprecedented severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) constitutes a serious public health concern. However, adoption of COVID-19-related preventive behaviours remain relatively unknown. This study investigated predictors of preventive behaviours. METHODS: An analytical sample of 897 Singaporean adults who were quota sampled based on age, gender, and ethnicity were recruited through a web-enabled survey. Outcomes were adoption of, or increased frequency of preventive behaviours (avoiding social events; avoiding public transport; reducing time spent shopping and eating out; wearing a mask in public; avoiding hospitals/clinics; keeping children out of school, washing hands/using sanitisers; keeping surroundings clean; avoiding touching public surfaces; working from/studying at home). Public perceptions regarding COVID-19 (chances of getting COVID-19; perceived likelihood of COVID-19-related intensive care unit (ICU) admission; government trust; self-efficacy; perceived appropriateness of COVID-19 behaviours; response efficacy), anxiety, and demographic characteristics (age; ethnicity; marital status; education; chronic conditions; current living arrangements) were investigated as predictors of preventive behaviours adopted during COVID-19 in binomial and ordered logistic regressions. RESULTS: Though adoption of preventive behaviours among Singaporeans varied, it was, overall, high, and consistent with government recommendations. Nearly a quarter reported moderate to severe anxiety (General Anxiety Disorder 7-item - GAD-7 scores). Respondents who perceived higher COVID-19 risks, had higher government trust, higher self-efficacy, and perceived that others acted appropriately reported increased adoption/frequency of preventive measures. The strongest indicator of behavioural change was response efficacy. Respondents who were older, highly educated, anxious and married reported higher adoption/frequency of preventive measures. CONCLUSION: To successfully influence appropriate preventive behaviours, public health messages should highlight response efficacy, increase self-efficacy, and promote trust in governmental response. Focus should be on demographic segments with low adoptions, such as younger individuals and those with low education.

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Published In

Int J Health Policy Manag

DOI

EISSN

2322-5939

Publication Date

May 1, 2022

Volume

11

Issue

5

Start / End Page

579 / 591

Location

Iran

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Singapore
  • Public Opinion
  • Humans
  • Government
  • Child
  • COVID-19
  • Adult
  • 4407 Policy and administration
  • 4206 Public health
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Ozdemir, S., Ng, S., Chaudhry, I., & Finkelstein, E. A. (2022). Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore. Int J Health Policy Manag, 11(5), 579–591. https://doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.199
Ozdemir, Semra, Sean Ng, Isha Chaudhry, and Eric Andrew Finkelstein. “Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore.Int J Health Policy Manag 11, no. 5 (May 1, 2022): 579–91. https://doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.199.
Ozdemir S, Ng S, Chaudhry I, Finkelstein EA. Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2022 May 1;11(5):579–91.
Ozdemir, Semra, et al. “Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore.Int J Health Policy Manag, vol. 11, no. 5, May 2022, pp. 579–91. Pubmed, doi:10.34172/ijhpm.2020.199.
Ozdemir S, Ng S, Chaudhry I, Finkelstein EA. Adoption of Preventive Behaviour Strategies and Public Perceptions About COVID-19 in Singapore. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2022 May 1;11(5):579–591.

Published In

Int J Health Policy Manag

DOI

EISSN

2322-5939

Publication Date

May 1, 2022

Volume

11

Issue

5

Start / End Page

579 / 591

Location

Iran

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Singapore
  • Public Opinion
  • Humans
  • Government
  • Child
  • COVID-19
  • Adult
  • 4407 Policy and administration
  • 4206 Public health