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Disaggregating Heterogeneity among Non-Hispanic Whites: Evidence and Implications for U.S. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Read, JG; Lynch, SM; West, JS
Published in: Popul Res Policy Rev
February 2021

Research has made strides in disaggregating health data among racial/ethnic minorities, but less is known about the extent of diversity among Whites. Using logistic regression modeling applied to data on respondents aged 40+ from the 2008 to 2016 American Community Survey, we disaggregated the non-Hispanic White population by ancestry and other racial/ethnic groups (non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic) by common subgroupings and examined heterogeneity in disability. Using logistic regression models predicting six health outcome measures, we compared the spread of coefficients for each of the large racial/ethnic groups and all subgroupings within these large categories. The results revealed that health disparities within the White population are almost as large as disparities within other racial groups. In fact, when Whites were disaggregated by ancestry, mean health appeared to be more varied among Whites than between Whites and members of other racial/ethnic groups in many cases. Compositional changes in the ancestry of Whites, particularly declines in Whites of western European ancestry and increases in Whites of eastern European and Middle Eastern ancestry, contribute to this diversity. Together, these findings challenge the oft-assumed notion that Whites are a homogeneous group and indicate that the aggregate White category obscures substantial intra-ethnic heterogeneity in health.

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Published In

Popul Res Policy Rev

DOI

ISSN

0167-5923

Publication Date

February 2021

Volume

40

Issue

1

Start / End Page

9 / 31

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Demography
  • 4406 Human geography
  • 4403 Demography
  • 1603 Demography
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Read, J. G., Lynch, S. M., & West, J. S. (2021). Disaggregating Heterogeneity among Non-Hispanic Whites: Evidence and Implications for U.S. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities. Popul Res Policy Rev, 40(1), 9–31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-020-09632-5
Read, Jen’nan Ghazal, Scott M. Lynch, and Jessica S. West. “Disaggregating Heterogeneity among Non-Hispanic Whites: Evidence and Implications for U.S. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities.Popul Res Policy Rev 40, no. 1 (February 2021): 9–31. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-020-09632-5.
Read, Jen’nan Ghazal, et al. “Disaggregating Heterogeneity among Non-Hispanic Whites: Evidence and Implications for U.S. Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities.Popul Res Policy Rev, vol. 40, no. 1, Feb. 2021, pp. 9–31. Pubmed, doi:10.1007/s11113-020-09632-5.
Journal cover image

Published In

Popul Res Policy Rev

DOI

ISSN

0167-5923

Publication Date

February 2021

Volume

40

Issue

1

Start / End Page

9 / 31

Location

Netherlands

Related Subject Headings

  • Demography
  • 4406 Human geography
  • 4403 Demography
  • 1603 Demography