Synthetic aperture angular scatter imaging: System refinement
Angular scaner imaging has been proposed as a new source of image contrast in medical ultrasound and as a parameter for tissue characterization. We describe a new method of acquiring angular scatter data that combines the Translating Apertures Algorithm (TAA) with synthetic aperture methods to coherently obtain angular scatter information with high resolution in both space and scattering angle. This method, which we term Synthetic Aperture Angular Scatter (SAAS) imaging effectively applies the TAA to single array elements and then focuses the data synthetically to form high resolution images at precisely defined scattering angles. In this paper, we present experimental results implementing SAAS on a GE Logiq 700MR system. We applied the SAAS method to form angular scatter images of a 5-wire depth of field (DOF) phantom, a tissue mimicking 3-wire phantom (steel, nylon, and cotton) and in vivo human thyroid. We present results from this data and discuss the degree of uniformity necessary in element response for successful SAAS imaging. Results from these experiments show new image information previously unavailable in conventional B-mode images and suggest that angular scatter imaging may have applications in the breast, thyroid, and peripheral vasculature. © 2004 IEEE.