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Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Guttenberg, MA; Vose, AT; Tighe, RM
Published in: Current allergy and asthma reports
May 2021

The lung mucosa functions as a principal barrier between the body and inhaled environmental irritants and pathogens. Precise and targeted surveillance mechanisms are required at this lung-environment interface to maintain homeostasis and preserve gas exchange. This is performed by the innate immune system, a germline-encoded system that regulates initial responses to foreign irritants and pathogens. Environmental pollutants, such as particulate matter (PM), ozone (O3), and other products of combustion (NO2, SO3, etc.), both stimulate and disrupt the function of the innate immune system of the lung, leading to the potential for pathologic consequences. PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore recent discoveries and investigations into the role of the innate immune system in responding to environmental exposures. This focuses on mechanisms by which the normal function of the innate immune system is modified by environmental agents leading to disruptions in respiratory function. RECENT FINDINGS: This is a narrative review of mechanisms of pulmonary innate immunity and the impact of environmental exposures on these responses. Recent findings highlighted in this review are categorized by specific components of innate immunity including epithelial function, macrophages, pattern recognition receptors, and the microbiome. Overall, the review supports broad impacts of environmental exposures to alterations to normal innate immune functions and has important implications for incidence and exacerbations of lung disease. The innate immune system plays a critical role in maintaining pulmonary homeostasis in response to inhaled air pollutants. As many of these agents are unable to be mitigated, understanding their mechanistic impact is critical to develop future interventions to limit their pathologic consequences.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Current allergy and asthma reports

DOI

EISSN

1534-6315

ISSN

1529-7322

Publication Date

May 2021

Volume

21

Issue

5

Start / End Page

34

Related Subject Headings

  • Respiratory Mucosa
  • Particulate Matter
  • Ozone
  • Lung Diseases
  • Lung
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Humans
  • Allergy
  • Air Pollutants
  • 3204 Immunology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Guttenberg, M. A., Vose, A. T., & Tighe, R. M. (2021). Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, 21(5), 34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11882-021-01011-0
Guttenberg, Marissa A., Aaron T. Vose, and Robert M. Tighe. “Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases.Current Allergy and Asthma Reports 21, no. 5 (May 2021): 34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11882-021-01011-0.
Guttenberg MA, Vose AT, Tighe RM. Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases. Current allergy and asthma reports. 2021 May;21(5):34.
Guttenberg, Marissa A., et al. “Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases.Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, vol. 21, no. 5, May 2021, p. 34. Epmc, doi:10.1007/s11882-021-01011-0.
Guttenberg MA, Vose AT, Tighe RM. Role of Innate Immune System in Environmental Lung Diseases. Current allergy and asthma reports. 2021 May;21(5):34.
Journal cover image

Published In

Current allergy and asthma reports

DOI

EISSN

1534-6315

ISSN

1529-7322

Publication Date

May 2021

Volume

21

Issue

5

Start / End Page

34

Related Subject Headings

  • Respiratory Mucosa
  • Particulate Matter
  • Ozone
  • Lung Diseases
  • Lung
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Humans
  • Allergy
  • Air Pollutants
  • 3204 Immunology