The Patient's Point of View: Characterizing Patient-Level Factors Associated with Perceptions of Health Care.
Purpose: We explored the association between perception of care, as measured by the Interpersonal Processes of Care (IPC) survey, and patient-level factors, including (1) Trust in physicians; (2) Perceived empathy; (3) Stereotype threat; (4) Perceived everyday discrimination; and (5) Self-Reported Health. Methods: Fifty participants from diverse racial backgrounds and education levels were surveyed. We examined the associations between the five patient-level factors and each subdomain of the IPC using multiple linear regression. We added a race interaction term to assess whether associations between IPC subdomains and predictors differed by race. We tested for correlation among factors found to be significantly associated with the IPC. Results: In adjusted analyses, trust in the physician, perceived empathy from the provider, and perceived everyday discrimination were significantly associated with most subdomains of the IPC. There was no significant race interaction. Conclusion: This exploratory study suggests that empathy, trust, and perceived everyday discrimination are significantly linked to patient perception of quality care, which are linked to clinical outcomes. Results present modifiable factors that may potentially improve patient care. Practice Implications: Increased efforts to improve clinician communication of empathy and general communication skill may have a positive effect on quality of care.