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Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Tang, W; Llort, J; Weis, J; Perron, MMG; Basart, S; Li, Z; Sathyendranath, S; Jackson, T; Sanz Rodriguez, E; Proemse, BC; Bowie, AR; Matear, R ...
Published in: Nature
September 2021

Droughts and climate-change-driven warming are leading to more frequent and intense wildfires1-3, arguably contributing to the severe 2019-2020 Australian wildfires4. The environmental and ecological impacts of the fires include loss of habitats and the emission of substantial amounts of atmospheric aerosols5-7. Aerosol emissions from wildfires can lead to the atmospheric transport of macronutrients and bio-essential trace metals such as nitrogen and iron, respectively8-10. It has been suggested that the oceanic deposition of wildfire aerosols can relieve nutrient limitations and, consequently, enhance marine productivity11,12, but direct observations are lacking. Here we use satellite and autonomous biogeochemical Argo float data to evaluate the effect of 2019-2020 Australian wildfire aerosol deposition on phytoplankton productivity. We find anomalously widespread phytoplankton blooms from December 2019 to March 2020 in the Southern Ocean downwind of Australia. Aerosol samples originating from the Australian wildfires contained a high iron content and atmospheric trajectories show that these aerosols were likely to be transported to the bloom regions, suggesting that the blooms resulted from the fertilization of the iron-limited waters of the Southern Ocean. Climate models project more frequent and severe wildfires in many regions1-3. A greater appreciation of the links between wildfires, pyrogenic aerosols13, nutrient cycling and marine photosynthesis could improve our understanding of the contemporary and glacial-interglacial cycling of atmospheric CO2 and the global climate system.

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Published In

Nature

DOI

EISSN

1476-4687

ISSN

0028-0836

Publication Date

September 2021

Volume

597

Issue

7876

Start / End Page

370 / 375

Related Subject Headings

  • Wildfires
  • Soot
  • Seasons
  • Satellite Imagery
  • Phytoplankton
  • General Science & Technology
  • Eutrophication
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Chlorophyll A
  • Australia
 

Citation

APA
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MLA
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Tang, W., Llort, J., Weis, J., Perron, M. M. G., Basart, S., Li, Z., … Cassar, N. (2021). Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires. Nature, 597(7876), 370–375. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03805-8
Tang, Weiyi, Joan Llort, Jakob Weis, Morgane M. G. Perron, Sara Basart, Zuchuan Li, Shubha Sathyendranath, et al. “Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires.Nature 597, no. 7876 (September 2021): 370–75. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03805-8.
Tang W, Llort J, Weis J, Perron MMG, Basart S, Li Z, et al. Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires. Nature. 2021 Sep;597(7876):370–5.
Tang, Weiyi, et al. “Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires.Nature, vol. 597, no. 7876, Sept. 2021, pp. 370–75. Epmc, doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03805-8.
Tang W, Llort J, Weis J, Perron MMG, Basart S, Li Z, Sathyendranath S, Jackson T, Sanz Rodriguez E, Proemse BC, Bowie AR, Schallenberg C, Strutton PG, Matear R, Cassar N. Widespread phytoplankton blooms triggered by 2019-2020 Australian wildfires. Nature. 2021 Sep;597(7876):370–375.
Journal cover image

Published In

Nature

DOI

EISSN

1476-4687

ISSN

0028-0836

Publication Date

September 2021

Volume

597

Issue

7876

Start / End Page

370 / 375

Related Subject Headings

  • Wildfires
  • Soot
  • Seasons
  • Satellite Imagery
  • Phytoplankton
  • General Science & Technology
  • Eutrophication
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Chlorophyll A
  • Australia