## The q-voter model on the torus

In the q-voter model, the voter at x changes its opinion at rate fqx, where fx is the fraction of neighbors with the opposite opinion. Mean-field calculations suggest that there should be coexistence between opinions if q < 1 and clustering if q > 1. This model has been extensively studied by physicists, but we do not know of any rigorous results. In this paper, we use the machinery of voter model perturbations to show that the conjectured behavior holds for q close to 1. More precisely, we show that if q < 1, then for any m < ∞ the process on the three-dimensional torus with n points survives for time nm, and after an initial transient phase has a density that it is always close to 1/2. Readers familiar with long time survival results for the contact process and other praticle systems might expect the conjecture to say survival occurs for time exp(γn) with γ > 0, however we show persistence does not hold for exp(nβ) with β > 1/3. If q > 1, then the process rapidly reaches fixation on one opinion. It is interesting to note that in the second case the limiting ODE (on its sped up time scale) reaches 0 at time log n but the stochastic process on the same time scale dies out at time (1/3) log n.

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## EISSN

## Publication Date

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## Related Subject Headings

- Statistics & Probability
- 4905 Statistics
- 0105 Mathematical Physics
- 0104 Statistics

### Citation

*Electronic Journal of Probability*,

*26*. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP682

*Electronic Journal of Probability*26 (January 1, 2021). https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP682.

*Electronic Journal of Probability*, vol. 26, Jan. 2021.

*Scopus*, doi:10.1214/21-EJP682.

## Published In

## DOI

## EISSN

## Publication Date

## Volume

## Related Subject Headings

- Statistics & Probability
- 4905 Statistics
- 0105 Mathematical Physics
- 0104 Statistics