Skip to main content

Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Rulisa, S; Ntihinyurwa, P; Ntirushwa, D; Wong, A; Olufolabi, A
Published in: Obstet Gynecol
October 1, 2021

OBJECTIVE: To assess the causes of maternal mortality at a referral hospital in Rwanda. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of 217 women with recorded maternal mortality from 2017 to 2019 was conducted among 11,308 total maternal admissions. Demographics, diagnosis, management, referring hospital source, and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: The mean (±SD) age of maternal death was 30.7±7.2 years (range 16-57 years). The overall maternal mortality rate was 1.99%, with yearly rates of 2.45%, 2.53%, and 1.84% in 2017, 2018, and 2019, respectively. A significant seasonal variation was noted. Sepsis was the most common cause of maternal death (50%), followed by hemorrhage (19%) and hypertensive disorders (15%). Causes of maternal deaths included preeclampsia (13%) and abortion (8%). Furthermore, 82% of all the deaths were referrals from smaller community hospitals. CONCLUSION: Maternal death due to sepsis remain a major cause of maternal deaths in Rwanda. Infection prevention and the early diagnosis and management of sepsis must be a priority in reducing maternal mortality.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Obstet Gynecol

DOI

EISSN

1873-233X

Publication Date

October 1, 2021

Volume

138

Issue

4

Start / End Page

552 / 556

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Sepsis
  • Rwanda
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Pregnancy
  • Pre-Eclampsia
  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • Middle Aged
  • Maternal Mortality
  • Hypertension
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Rulisa, S., Ntihinyurwa, P., Ntirushwa, D., Wong, A., & Olufolabi, A. (2021). Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019. Obstet Gynecol, 138(4), 552–556. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000004534
Rulisa, Stephen, Polyphile Ntihinyurwa, David Ntirushwa, Andrew Wong, and Adeyemi Olufolabi. “Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019.Obstet Gynecol 138, no. 4 (October 1, 2021): 552–56. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000004534.
Rulisa S, Ntihinyurwa P, Ntirushwa D, Wong A, Olufolabi A. Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019. Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Oct 1;138(4):552–6.
Rulisa, Stephen, et al. “Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019.Obstet Gynecol, vol. 138, no. 4, Oct. 2021, pp. 552–56. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000004534.
Rulisa S, Ntihinyurwa P, Ntirushwa D, Wong A, Olufolabi A. Causes of Maternal Mortality in Rwanda, 2017-2019. Obstet Gynecol. 2021 Oct 1;138(4):552–556.

Published In

Obstet Gynecol

DOI

EISSN

1873-233X

Publication Date

October 1, 2021

Volume

138

Issue

4

Start / End Page

552 / 556

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Sepsis
  • Rwanda
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Pregnancy
  • Pre-Eclampsia
  • Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
  • Middle Aged
  • Maternal Mortality
  • Hypertension