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Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama.

Publication ,  Journal Article
DeBono, N; Richardson, D; Keil, A; Kelly-Reif, K; Robinson, W; Troester, M; Marshall, S
Published in: Am J Ind Med
April 2019

BACKGROUND: This study was carried out in response to worker concerns over their exposure to lead solder and chlorinated solvents at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama. METHODS: A study of 4396 United Autoworkers members ever-employed at the plants between 1972 and 1993 was conducted with mortality follow-up through 2016. Poisson regression was used to estimate mortality rate ratios (RR) according to employment characteristics, including calendar period of employment. RESULTS: Pre-1977 hires exhibited elevated adjusted rates of all-cause (RR, 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.52), cardiovascular (RR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.03-1.86), and digestive system (RR, 2.31; 95% CI, 1.04-5.10) disease mortality relative to the most recent hire group (1984-1993). Never- versus ever-employment in a skilled trade job was associated with elevated adjusted rates of all-cause, all-cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality. Nervous system disorder mortality was greatest among 1977-1983 hires. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated mortality among pre-1977 hires is consistent with worker concerns over greater exposure to hazards at the original plant building.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Am J Ind Med

DOI

EISSN

1097-0274

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

62

Issue

4

Start / End Page

296 / 308

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Trichloroethylene
  • Trichloroethanes
  • Time Factors
  • Solvents
  • Personnel Management
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Neoplasms
  • Middle Aged
  • Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities
  • Manufacturing Industry
 

Citation

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Chicago
ICMJE
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DeBono, N., Richardson, D., Keil, A., Kelly-Reif, K., Robinson, W., Troester, M., & Marshall, S. (2019). Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama. Am J Ind Med, 62(4), 296–308. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22963
DeBono, Nathan, David Richardson, Alex Keil, Kaitlin Kelly-Reif, Whitney Robinson, Melissa Troester, and Stephen Marshall. “Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama.Am J Ind Med 62, no. 4 (April 2019): 296–308. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22963.
DeBono N, Richardson D, Keil A, Kelly-Reif K, Robinson W, Troester M, et al. Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama. Am J Ind Med. 2019 Apr;62(4):296–308.
DeBono, Nathan, et al. “Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama.Am J Ind Med, vol. 62, no. 4, Apr. 2019, pp. 296–308. Pubmed, doi:10.1002/ajim.22963.
DeBono N, Richardson D, Keil A, Kelly-Reif K, Robinson W, Troester M, Marshall S. Employment characteristics and cause-specific mortality at automotive electronics manufacturing plants in Huntsville, Alabama. Am J Ind Med. 2019 Apr;62(4):296–308.
Journal cover image

Published In

Am J Ind Med

DOI

EISSN

1097-0274

Publication Date

April 2019

Volume

62

Issue

4

Start / End Page

296 / 308

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Trichloroethylene
  • Trichloroethanes
  • Time Factors
  • Solvents
  • Personnel Management
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Neoplasms
  • Middle Aged
  • Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities
  • Manufacturing Industry