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Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Buffarini, R; Coll, CVN; Moffitt, T; Freias da Silveira, M; Barros, F; Murray, J
Published in: BMJ global health
April 2021

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and child maltreatment (CM) are major public health problems and human rights issues and may have shared causes. However, their overlap is understudied. We investigated the prevalence of IPV and CM, their co-occurrence in households and possible shared risk factors, in the general population of a Brazilian urban setting.Prospective population-based birth cohort, including over 3500 mother-child dyads with maternal reports on both IPV and CM when children were 4 years old. Eleven neighbourhood, family and parental risk factors were measured between birth and age 4 years. Bivariate and multivariate Poisson regression models with robust variance were used to test which potential risk factors were associated with IPV, CM and their co-occurrence.The prevalence of any IPV and CM were 22.8% and 10.9%, respectively; the co-occurrence of both types of violence was 5%. Multivariate analyses showed that the overlap of IPV and CM was strongly associated with neighbourhood violence, absence of the child's biological father, paternal antisocial behaviour in general and a mother-partner relationship characterised by high levels of criticism, maternal depression and younger maternal age. A concentration of many risk factors among 10% of the population was associated with a sixfold increase in risk for overlapping IPV and CM compared with households with no risk factors.IPV and CM share important risk factors in the family and neighbourhood environments and are particularly common in households with multiple social disadvantages and family difficulties. Integrated preventive interventions are needed.

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Published In

BMJ global health

DOI

EISSN

2059-7908

ISSN

2059-7908

Publication Date

April 2021

Volume

6

Issue

4

Start / End Page

e004306

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Prospective Studies
  • Intimate Partner Violence
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies
  • Child, Preschool
  • Child Abuse
  • Child
  • 4206 Public health
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Buffarini, R., Coll, C. V. N., Moffitt, T., Freias da Silveira, M., Barros, F., & Murray, J. (2021). Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors. BMJ Global Health, 6(4), e004306. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004306
Buffarini, Romina, Carolina V. N. Coll, Terrie Moffitt, Mariangela Freias da Silveira, Fernando Barros, and Joseph Murray. “Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors.BMJ Global Health 6, no. 4 (April 2021): e004306. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004306.
Buffarini R, Coll CVN, Moffitt T, Freias da Silveira M, Barros F, Murray J. Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors. BMJ global health. 2021 Apr;6(4):e004306.
Buffarini, Romina, et al. “Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors.BMJ Global Health, vol. 6, no. 4, Apr. 2021, p. e004306. Epmc, doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004306.
Buffarini R, Coll CVN, Moffitt T, Freias da Silveira M, Barros F, Murray J. Intimate partner violence against women and child maltreatment in a Brazilian birth cohort study: co-occurrence and shared risk factors. BMJ global health. 2021 Apr;6(4):e004306.

Published In

BMJ global health

DOI

EISSN

2059-7908

ISSN

2059-7908

Publication Date

April 2021

Volume

6

Issue

4

Start / End Page

e004306

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Prospective Studies
  • Intimate Partner Violence
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Cohort Studies
  • Child, Preschool
  • Child Abuse
  • Child
  • 4206 Public health