This chapter provides a review of parenting in diverse cultural contexts. The chapter describes the key responsibilities of parents, how parenting differs across cultural contexts, and how culture may affect links between particular forms of parenting and child outcomes. The chapter next describes how the international agenda reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Sustainable Development Goals, in addition to national policies and laws related to parenting, set the stage for parent-child relationships. The chapter then describes parenting programs that aim to change parenting as a way of improving child outcomes. The chapter draws on standards for parenting programs developed by UNICEF and illustrates how those standards work in practice by providing examples from specific programs in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. The chapter also considers how to adapt parenting programs for particular cultural contexts and concludes with a series of recommendations.