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HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development

Publication ,  Journal Article
Renzullo, PO; Celentano, DD; Beyrer, C; Eiumtrakul, S; McNeil, JG; Garner, RP; Ruangyuttigarn, C; Khamboonruang, C; Nelson, KE
Published in: AIDS and Behavior
June 30, 1999

A cohort of Royal Thai Army (RTA) conscripts was followed in civilian life after completing 2 years of military service, to determine whether such a cohort might be suitable for HIV vaccine trials. Objectives were to identify correlates of participation and to determine the occurrence of risk behaviors for HIV infection after discharge from the military. The cohort was selected from among conscripts who had participated in HIV studies from 1991 to 1993. Risk factors were surveyed at 3, 9, and 15 months after discharge (1993-1995). Change in risk was evaluated based on deviations from expected distributions of risk categories for sentinel behaviors, assessed with chi- square analysis. HIV seroconversion rates (SR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. A total of 380 men returned after discharge. Seven men seroconverted after discharge; the SR (95% CI) was 2.02/100 person-years (0.814.17). Among changes in risk were reduced visits to commercial sex workers (CSWs), more condom use with CSWs, and less alcohol use prior to CSW visits. Behaviors associated with increased risk of HIV seroconversion declined after military service. Thus, sufficient numbers of outcome events for vaccine trials may not be attained with this type of cohort. Nonetheless, these findings provide data on the dynamics of the HIV epidemic in Thailand and the development of HIV vaccine cohorts.

Duke Scholars

Published In

AIDS and Behavior

DOI

ISSN

1090-7165

Publication Date

June 30, 1999

Volume

3

Issue

1

Start / End Page

25 / 32

Related Subject Headings

  • Public Health
  • 4206 Public health
  • 1607 Social Work
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
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MLA
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Renzullo, P. O., Celentano, D. D., Beyrer, C., Eiumtrakul, S., McNeil, J. G., Garner, R. P., … Nelson, K. E. (1999). HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development. AIDS and Behavior, 3(1), 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025463301921
Renzullo, P. O., D. D. Celentano, C. Beyrer, S. Eiumtrakul, J. G. McNeil, R. P. Garner, C. Ruangyuttigarn, C. Khamboonruang, and K. E. Nelson. “HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development.” AIDS and Behavior 3, no. 1 (June 30, 1999): 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025463301921.
Renzullo PO, Celentano DD, Beyrer C, Eiumtrakul S, McNeil JG, Garner RP, et al. HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development. AIDS and Behavior. 1999 Jun 30;3(1):25–32.
Renzullo, P. O., et al. “HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development.” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 3, no. 1, June 1999, pp. 25–32. Scopus, doi:10.1023/A:1025463301921.
Renzullo PO, Celentano DD, Beyrer C, Eiumtrakul S, McNeil JG, Garner RP, Ruangyuttigarn C, Khamboonruang C, Nelson KE. HIV infection and risk behaviors in thai men after their service in the Royal Thai Army: Informing vaccine cohort development. AIDS and Behavior. 1999 Jun 30;3(1):25–32.
Journal cover image

Published In

AIDS and Behavior

DOI

ISSN

1090-7165

Publication Date

June 30, 1999

Volume

3

Issue

1

Start / End Page

25 / 32

Related Subject Headings

  • Public Health
  • 4206 Public health
  • 1607 Social Work
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services