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Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Roehrkasse, AF; Wildeman, C
Published in: Science advances
December 2022

How likely are U.S. males and females of different ethnoracial groups to be imprisoned over the course of their lives, and how have these risks changed in recent decades? Using survey and administrative data, we update 20th-century estimates of the cumulative risk of imprisonment for the 21st century. In 2016, non-Hispanic Black males' lifetime risk of imprisonment remained very high-more than 16%-but decreased substantially relative to extreme levels of risk in the 1990s and early 2000s. The lifetime risk of imprisonment among people identifying as American Indian or Alaska Native was nearly 50% for males and more than 14% for females. Although national prison admission rates are declining, imprisonment remains a pervasive and highly unequal life-course experience.

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Published In

Science advances

DOI

EISSN

2375-2548

ISSN

2375-2548

Publication Date

December 2022

Volume

8

Issue

48

Start / End Page

eabo3395
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Roehrkasse, A. F., & Wildeman, C. (2022). Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal. Science Advances, 8(48), eabo3395. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abo3395
Roehrkasse, Alexander F., and Christopher Wildeman. “Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal.Science Advances 8, no. 48 (December 2022): eabo3395. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abo3395.
Roehrkasse AF, Wildeman C. Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal. Science advances. 2022 Dec;8(48):eabo3395.
Roehrkasse, Alexander F., and Christopher Wildeman. “Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal.Science Advances, vol. 8, no. 48, Dec. 2022, p. eabo3395. Epmc, doi:10.1126/sciadv.abo3395.
Roehrkasse AF, Wildeman C. Lifetime risk of imprisonment in the United States remains high and starkly unequal. Science advances. 2022 Dec;8(48):eabo3395.

Published In

Science advances

DOI

EISSN

2375-2548

ISSN

2375-2548

Publication Date

December 2022

Volume

8

Issue

48

Start / End Page

eabo3395