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Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kim, JC; Watts, CH; Hargreaves, JR; Ndhlovu, LX; Phetla, G; Morison, LA; Busza, J; Porter, JDH; Pronyk, P
Published in: American journal of public health
October 2007

We sought to obtain evidence about the scope of women's empowerment and the mechanisms underlying the significant reduction in intimate partner violence documented by the Intervention With Microfinance for AIDS and Gender Equity (IMAGE) cluster-randomized trial in rural South Africa.The IMAGE intervention combined a microfinance program with participatory training on understanding HIV infection, gender norms, domestic violence, and sexuality. Outcome measures included past year's experience of intimate partner violence and 9 indicators of women's empowerment. Qualitative data about changes occurring within intimate relationships, loan groups, and the community were also collected.After 2 years, the risk of past-year physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner was reduced by more than half (adjusted risk ratio=0.45; 95% confidence interval=0.23, 0.91). Improvements in all 9 indicators of empowerment were observed. Reductions in violence resulted from a range of responses enabling women to challenge the acceptability of violence, expect and receive better treatment from partners, leave abusive relationships, and raise public awareness about intimate partner violence.Our findings, both qualitative and quantitative, indicate that economic and social empowerment of women can contribute to reductions in intimate partner violence.

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Published In

American journal of public health

DOI

EISSN

1541-0048

ISSN

0090-0036

Publication Date

October 2007

Volume

97

Issue

10

Start / End Page

1794 / 1802

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Rights
  • South Africa
  • Rural Population
  • Public Health
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Domestic Violence
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Kim, J. C., Watts, C. H., Hargreaves, J. R., Ndhlovu, L. X., Phetla, G., Morison, L. A., … Pronyk, P. (2007). Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa. American Journal of Public Health, 97(10), 1794–1802. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2006.095521
Kim, Julia C., Charlotte H. Watts, James R. Hargreaves, Luceth X. Ndhlovu, Godfrey Phetla, Linda A. Morison, Joanna Busza, John D. H. Porter, and Paul Pronyk. “Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa.American Journal of Public Health 97, no. 10 (October 2007): 1794–1802. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2006.095521.
Kim JC, Watts CH, Hargreaves JR, Ndhlovu LX, Phetla G, Morison LA, et al. Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa. American journal of public health. 2007 Oct;97(10):1794–802.
Kim, Julia C., et al. “Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa.American Journal of Public Health, vol. 97, no. 10, Oct. 2007, pp. 1794–802. Epmc, doi:10.2105/ajph.2006.095521.
Kim JC, Watts CH, Hargreaves JR, Ndhlovu LX, Phetla G, Morison LA, Busza J, Porter JDH, Pronyk P. Understanding the impact of a microfinance-based intervention on women's empowerment and the reduction of intimate partner violence in South Africa. American journal of public health. 2007 Oct;97(10):1794–1802.

Published In

American journal of public health

DOI

EISSN

1541-0048

ISSN

0090-0036

Publication Date

October 2007

Volume

97

Issue

10

Start / End Page

1794 / 1802

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Rights
  • South Africa
  • Rural Population
  • Public Health
  • Organizational Objectives
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Domestic Violence