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Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets

Publication ,  Journal Article
Craig, MA; Bodenhausen, GV
Published in: Social Cognition
January 1, 2018

Social stereotypes provide a basis for making guesses about others' unknown characteristics. We conducted four studies examining the role of perceived category fit in this process. Disconfirming a particular group stereotype should reduce a target's perceived category fit and, consequently, other distinct stereotypes about the category should seem less applicable to the target. Study 1 focused on targets' fit to a single category. Studies 2-4 explored the more complex case of multiply categorizable targets. In these studies, targets' behavior had contrasting implications for their racial and gender fit. Behavior implying high racial fit also implied low gender fit, and vice versa. All four studies supported the prediction that fit moderates stereotyping. Perceivers were sensitive to fit cues even in the case of complex, multifaceted targets. Thus, behavior disconfirming one particular stereotype can moderate the perceived fit of multiple social categories. Stereotype application is attuned to these contextual variations in fit.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Social Cognition

DOI

ISSN

0278-016X

Publication Date

January 1, 2018

Volume

36

Issue

5

Start / End Page

559 / 588

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • Political Science & Public Administration
  • 5205 Social and personality psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 4408 Political science
  • 2202 History and Philosophy of Specific Fields
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1606 Political Science
 

Citation

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Craig, M. A., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2018). Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets. Social Cognition, 36(5), 559–588. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2018.36.5.559
Craig, M. A., and G. V. Bodenhausen. “Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets.” Social Cognition 36, no. 5 (January 1, 2018): 559–88. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2018.36.5.559.
Craig MA, Bodenhausen GV. Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets. Social Cognition. 2018 Jan 1;36(5):559–88.
Craig, M. A., and G. V. Bodenhausen. “Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets.” Social Cognition, vol. 36, no. 5, Jan. 2018, pp. 559–88. Scopus, doi:10.1521/soco.2018.36.5.559.
Craig MA, Bodenhausen GV. Category (non)fit modulates extrapolative stereotyping of multiply categorizable social targets. Social Cognition. 2018 Jan 1;36(5):559–588.
Journal cover image

Published In

Social Cognition

DOI

ISSN

0278-016X

Publication Date

January 1, 2018

Volume

36

Issue

5

Start / End Page

559 / 588

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • Political Science & Public Administration
  • 5205 Social and personality psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 4408 Political science
  • 2202 History and Philosophy of Specific Fields
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1606 Political Science