Epidemiology of Spinal Metastatic Disease
Metastases represent the most prevalent form of spinal neoplasia. The majority of cases occur in the thoracic spine and with a peak incidence in males during the fourth to sixth decade of life. Increased survival times across multiple cancer subtypes have been demonstrated due to major medical and technological advancements. Prolonged survivals have led to the need for updated and continually evolving diagnostic and treatment paradigms. Our understanding of the epidemiology of spinal metastases is at the core of modern cancer care integrating advanced treatment strategies and paradigms.