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Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Rubin, DC; Bell, CF
Published in: Memory (Hove, England)
July 2023

We extend Conway's self-memory system by adding theory and data from shame, an emotion that disrupts the internalised ideals of society needed for a positive self-concept. The event that caused 273 undergraduates their greatest amount of shame was analyzed; 66% were not very negative except for producing shame. Ratings of post-event effects, including two measure of self (self-perceived weakness, and centrality to identity) and four clinical symptoms (intrusions, avoidance, anxiety, and depression), were attributed separately to the remembered event, behaviour during the event, and shame from the event. The effects of shame were generally as large as the those of the event and larger than those of the behaviour, demonstrating the importance of shame's effects. The Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS), which measures tonic immobility (i.e., freezing), was obtained for the event that produced the most tonic immobility but that was not the event that caused the most shame. The post-event symptoms measured on the event that caused the most shame and the TIS correlated highly, suggesting that shame and tonic immobility may belong to a cluster of phylogenetically conserved submissive defensive mechanisms that could account for effects currently attributed to goals in self-memory systems.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Memory (Hove, England)

DOI

EISSN

1464-0686

ISSN

0965-8211

Publication Date

July 2023

Start / End Page

1 / 12

Related Subject Headings

  • Experimental Psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology
  • 5201 Applied and developmental psychology
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1109 Neurosciences
 

Citation

APA
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ICMJE
MLA
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Rubin, D. C., & Bell, C. F. (2023). Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system. Memory (Hove, England), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2023.2241673
Rubin, David C., and Carolyn F. Bell. “Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system.Memory (Hove, England), July 2023, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2023.2241673.
Rubin DC, Bell CF. Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system. Memory (Hove, England). 2023 Jul;1–12.
Rubin, David C., and Carolyn F. Bell. “Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system.Memory (Hove, England), July 2023, pp. 1–12. Epmc, doi:10.1080/09658211.2023.2241673.
Rubin DC, Bell CF. Using shame to extend Martin Conway's self-memory system. Memory (Hove, England). 2023 Jul;1–12.

Published In

Memory (Hove, England)

DOI

EISSN

1464-0686

ISSN

0965-8211

Publication Date

July 2023

Start / End Page

1 / 12

Related Subject Headings

  • Experimental Psychology
  • 5204 Cognitive and computational psychology
  • 5202 Biological psychology
  • 5201 Applied and developmental psychology
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1109 Neurosciences