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Promotional effect of niobium substitution on the low-temperature activity of a WO3/CeZrOx monolithic catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3

Publication ,  Journal Article
Xu, H; Lin, Q; Wang, Y; Lan, L; Liu, S; Lin, C; Wang, Q; Wang, J; Chen, Y
Published in: RSC Advances
January 1, 2017

A series of Nb-substituted WO3/CeZrOx catalysts were prepared by the co-impregnation method and applied in the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 (NH3-SCR). NH3 oxidation, N2 sorption, XRD, Raman, UV-vis, XPS, H2-TPR, O2/NH3-TPD and in situ DRIFTS were performed to correlate the redox property and surface acidity to NH3-SCR performance of Nb-substituted catalysts. The catalyst with 5 wt% substitution amount of Nb2O5 presented excellent deNOx activity and N2 selectivity in a broad reaction temperature window of 190-434 °C at a gas space velocity of 30 000 h-1. The characterization results demonstrated that the partial substitution of WO3 by Nb2O5 not only led to strong redox properties arising from abundant surface active oxygen species, but also promoted the adsorption of NH3 and the redistribution of acid sites due to Nb-OH related to Brønsted acid sites and NbO bonded to strong Lewis acid sites. The enhancement of surface active oxygen species and Brønsted acid sites promoted the low-temperature (below 250 °C) deNOx activity. However, the preoxidation of NH3 at high temperatures slightly suppressed the NOx conversion of the catalyst with more strong Lewis acid sites at above 400 °C. Moreover, the catalyst also showed excellent sulfur tolerance and could be a promising candidate for practical applications in NOx abatement.

Duke Scholars

Published In

RSC Advances

DOI

EISSN

2046-2069

Publication Date

January 1, 2017

Volume

7

Issue

75

Start / End Page

47570 / 47582

Related Subject Headings

  • 03 Chemical Sciences
 

Citation

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Xu, H., Lin, Q., Wang, Y., Lan, L., Liu, S., Lin, C., … Chen, Y. (2017). Promotional effect of niobium substitution on the low-temperature activity of a WO3/CeZrOx monolithic catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3. RSC Advances, 7(75), 47570–47582. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra08429c
Xu, H., Q. Lin, Y. Wang, L. Lan, S. Liu, C. Lin, Q. Wang, J. Wang, and Y. Chen. “Promotional effect of niobium substitution on the low-temperature activity of a WO3/CeZrOx monolithic catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3.” RSC Advances 7, no. 75 (January 1, 2017): 47570–82. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra08429c.
Xu, H., et al. “Promotional effect of niobium substitution on the low-temperature activity of a WO3/CeZrOx monolithic catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3.” RSC Advances, vol. 7, no. 75, Jan. 2017, pp. 47570–82. Scopus, doi:10.1039/c7ra08429c.
Xu H, Lin Q, Wang Y, Lan L, Liu S, Lin C, Wang Q, Wang J, Chen Y. Promotional effect of niobium substitution on the low-temperature activity of a WO3/CeZrOx monolithic catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3. RSC Advances. 2017 Jan 1;7(75):47570–47582.
Journal cover image

Published In

RSC Advances

DOI

EISSN

2046-2069

Publication Date

January 1, 2017

Volume

7

Issue

75

Start / End Page

47570 / 47582

Related Subject Headings

  • 03 Chemical Sciences