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Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Tankersley, AP; Grafsky, EL; Dike, J; Jones, RT
Published in: Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev
June 2021

In recent years, there has been a proliferation of research regarding transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people. The stigma and legal discriminations that this population faces have obvious and documented repercussions for mental health. In 2015, the American Psychological Association (APA) published Guidelines for Psychological Practice with TGNC People. The APA noted that due to the nuances of working with TGNC youth and the dearth of related literature, the guidelines focus primarily on TGNC adults. To date, there has not been a systematic review of risk and resilience factors for mental health among TGNC children, adolescents, and young adults under the age of 25. Forty-four peer-reviewed articles met inclusion criteria for this systematic review, and were evaluated for their methodological rigor and their findings. Common risk factors for negative mental health variables included physical and verbal abuse, exposure to discrimination, social isolation, poor peer relations, low self-esteem, weight dissatisfaction, and age. Across studies, older children and adolescents tended to report higher rates of psychological distress. Resilience-promoting factors for mental health were also documented, including parent connectedness, social support, school safety and belonging, and the ability to use one's chosen name. By synthesizing the existing literature using a resilience-focused and minority stress framework, the present review provides clinicians and researchers with a coherent evidence-base to better equip them to promote psychological adaptation and wellbeing among TGNC youth.

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Published In

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev

DOI

EISSN

1573-2827

Publication Date

June 2021

Volume

24

Issue

2

Start / End Page

183 / 206

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Transgender Persons
  • Social Support
  • Protective Factors
  • Mental Health
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Child
  • Adolescent
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Tankersley, A. P., Grafsky, E. L., Dike, J., & Jones, R. T. (2021). Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev, 24(2), 183–206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-021-00344-6
Tankersley, Amelia P., Erika L. Grafsky, Janey Dike, and Russell T. Jones. “Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review.Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 24, no. 2 (June 2021): 183–206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-021-00344-6.
Tankersley AP, Grafsky EL, Dike J, Jones RT. Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2021 Jun;24(2):183–206.
Tankersley, Amelia P., et al. “Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review.Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev, vol. 24, no. 2, June 2021, pp. 183–206. Pubmed, doi:10.1007/s10567-021-00344-6.
Tankersley AP, Grafsky EL, Dike J, Jones RT. Risk and Resilience Factors for Mental Health among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming (TGNC) Youth: A Systematic Review. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2021 Jun;24(2):183–206.
Journal cover image

Published In

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev

DOI

EISSN

1573-2827

Publication Date

June 2021

Volume

24

Issue

2

Start / End Page

183 / 206

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Young Adult
  • Transgender Persons
  • Social Support
  • Protective Factors
  • Mental Health
  • Humans
  • Gender Identity
  • Developmental & Child Psychology
  • Child
  • Adolescent