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Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Govindan, M; Gurm, R; Mohan, S; Kline-Rogers, E; Corriveau, N; Goldberg, C; Durussel-Weston, J; Eagle, KA; Jackson, EA ...
Published in: Pediatrics
September 2013

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated gender-related differences in body composition, physical activity, and diet. This observational study assesses gender variance in independent predictors for obesity to determine targeted areas for intervention. METHODS: Data from 1714 sixth-grade students enrolled in Project Healthy Schools were compared by using health behaviors and physiologic markers (lipids, random glucose, blood pressure, and resting and recovery heart rates). Students were stratified by gender and obesity (BMI ≥95th percentile by age and gender). Physiologic markers and behaviors were compared by using χ(2) analysis. Univariate associations with P < .10 were included in a stepwise logistic regression model to determine independent predictors for obesity by gender. RESULTS: Nonobese students (both boys and girls) showed significantly healthier physiologic parameters compared with their obese counterparts. Two behaviors independently correlated with obesity in both boys and girls: regularly eating school lunches (odds ratio [OR] 1.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.64; OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.62, respectively) and watching ≥2 hours of television per day (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.07-1.32; OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.06-1.34, respectively). Vigorous physical activity and involvement in school sports teams appeared to be protective against obesity in boys (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.82-0.98; OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.64-0.94, respectively), whereas milk consumption appeared protective in girls (OR 0.81, 95% CI 0.67-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Among middle-school children, we observed gender-related differences in factors associated with obesity. Additional research is warranted to determine the beneficial impact of improving school lunches and decreasing screen time, while improving our understanding of gender-related differences in milk consumption and physical activities in relation to BMI.

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Published In

Pediatrics

DOI

EISSN

1098-4275

Publication Date

September 2013

Volume

132

Issue

3

Start / End Page

468 / 474

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Triglycerides
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • School Health Services
  • Physical Fitness
  • Pediatrics
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Motor Activity
 

Citation

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Govindan, M., Gurm, R., Mohan, S., Kline-Rogers, E., Corriveau, N., Goldberg, C., … University of Michigan Health System, . (2013). Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity. Pediatrics, 132(3), 468–474. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-2994
Govindan, Morgen, Roopa Gurm, Sathish Mohan, Eva Kline-Rogers, Nicole Corriveau, Caren Goldberg, Jean Durussel-Weston, Kim A. Eagle, Elizabeth A. Jackson, and Elizabeth A. University of Michigan Health System. “Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity.Pediatrics 132, no. 3 (September 2013): 468–74. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-2994.
Govindan M, Gurm R, Mohan S, Kline-Rogers E, Corriveau N, Goldberg C, et al. Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity. Pediatrics. 2013 Sep;132(3):468–74.
Govindan, Morgen, et al. “Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity.Pediatrics, vol. 132, no. 3, Sept. 2013, pp. 468–74. Pubmed, doi:10.1542/peds.2012-2994.
Govindan M, Gurm R, Mohan S, Kline-Rogers E, Corriveau N, Goldberg C, Durussel-Weston J, Eagle KA, Jackson EA, University of Michigan Health System. Gender differences in physiologic markers and health behaviors associated with childhood obesity. Pediatrics. 2013 Sep;132(3):468–474.

Published In

Pediatrics

DOI

EISSN

1098-4275

Publication Date

September 2013

Volume

132

Issue

3

Start / End Page

468 / 474

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Triglycerides
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • School Health Services
  • Physical Fitness
  • Pediatrics
  • Overweight
  • Obesity
  • Motor Activity