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Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Xu, C; Silliman, BR; Chen, J; Li, X; Thomsen, MS; Zhang, Q; Lee, J; Lefcheck, JS; Daleo, P; Hughes, BB; Jones, HP; Wang, R; Wang, S; Xi, X ...
Published in: Science (New York, N.Y.)
November 2023

Restoring vegetation in degraded ecosystems is an increasingly common practice for promoting biodiversity and ecological function, but successful implementation is hampered by an incomplete understanding of the processes that limit restoration success. By synthesizing terrestrial and aquatic studies globally (2594 experimental tests from 610 articles), we reveal substantial herbivore control of vegetation under restoration. Herbivores at restoration sites reduced vegetation abundance more strongly (by 89%, on average) than those at relatively undegraded sites and suppressed, rather than fostered, plant diversity. These effects were particularly pronounced in regions with higher temperatures and lower precipitation. Excluding targeted herbivores temporarily or introducing their predators improved restoration by magnitudes similar to or greater than those achieved by managing plant competition or facilitation. Thus, managing herbivory is a promising strategy for enhancing vegetation restoration efforts.

Duke Scholars

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Published In

Science (New York, N.Y.)

DOI

EISSN

1095-9203

ISSN

0036-8075

Publication Date

November 2023

Volume

382

Issue

6670

Start / End Page

589 / 594

Related Subject Headings

  • Plants
  • Herbivory
  • General Science & Technology
  • Environmental Restoration and Remediation
  • Biodiversity
 

Citation

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Xu, C., Silliman, B. R., Chen, J., Li, X., Thomsen, M. S., Zhang, Q., … He, Q. (2023). Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally. Science (New York, N.Y.), 382(6670), 589–594. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.add2814
Xu, Changlin, Brian R. Silliman, Jianshe Chen, Xincheng Li, Mads S. Thomsen, Qun Zhang, Juhyung Lee, et al. “Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally.Science (New York, N.Y.) 382, no. 6670 (November 2023): 589–94. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.add2814.
Xu C, Silliman BR, Chen J, Li X, Thomsen MS, Zhang Q, et al. Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally. Science (New York, NY). 2023 Nov;382(6670):589–94.
Xu, Changlin, et al. “Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally.Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 382, no. 6670, Nov. 2023, pp. 589–94. Epmc, doi:10.1126/science.add2814.
Xu C, Silliman BR, Chen J, Li X, Thomsen MS, Zhang Q, Lee J, Lefcheck JS, Daleo P, Hughes BB, Jones HP, Wang R, Wang S, Smith CS, Xi X, Altieri AH, van de Koppel J, Palmer TM, Liu L, Wu J, Li B, He Q. Herbivory limits success of vegetation restoration globally. Science (New York, NY). 2023 Nov;382(6670):589–594.
Journal cover image

Published In

Science (New York, N.Y.)

DOI

EISSN

1095-9203

ISSN

0036-8075

Publication Date

November 2023

Volume

382

Issue

6670

Start / End Page

589 / 594

Related Subject Headings

  • Plants
  • Herbivory
  • General Science & Technology
  • Environmental Restoration and Remediation
  • Biodiversity