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In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Livingston, NK; Hickey, JW; Sim, H; Salathe, SF; Choy, J; Kong, J; Silver, AB; Stelzel, JL; Omotoso, MO; Li, S; Chaisawangwong, W; Roy, S ...
Published in: Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)
February 2024

T cells are critical mediators of antigen-specific immune responses and are common targets for immunotherapy. Biomaterial scaffolds have previously been used to stimulate antigen-presenting cells to elicit antigen-specific immune responses; however, structural and molecular features that directly stimulate and expand naïve, endogenous, tumor-specific T cells in vivo have not been defined. Here, an artificial lymph node (aLN) matrix is created, which consists of an extracellular matrix hydrogel conjugated with peptide-loaded-MHC complex (Signal 1), the co-stimulatory signal anti-CD28 (Signal 2), and a tethered IL-2 (Signal 3), that can bypass challenges faced by other approaches to activate T cells in situ such as vaccines. This dynamic immune-stimulating platform enables direct, in vivo antigen-specific CD8+ T cell stimulation, as well as recruitment and coordination of host immune cells, providing an immuno-stimulatory microenvironment for antigen-specific T cell activation and expansion. Co-injecting the aLN with naïve, wild-type CD8+ T cells results in robust activation and expansion of tumor-targeted T cells that kill target cells and slow tumor growth in several distal tumor models. The aLN platform induces potent in vivo antigen-specific CD8+ T cell stimulation without the need for ex vivo priming or expansion and enables in situ manipulation of antigen-specific responses for immunotherapies.

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Published In

Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)

DOI

EISSN

1521-4095

ISSN

0935-9648

Publication Date

February 2024

Start / End Page

e2310043

Related Subject Headings

  • Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
  • 51 Physical sciences
  • 40 Engineering
  • 34 Chemical sciences
  • 09 Engineering
  • 03 Chemical Sciences
  • 02 Physical Sciences
 

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Livingston, N. K., Hickey, J. W., Sim, H., Salathe, S. F., Choy, J., Kong, J., … Schneck, J. P. (2024). In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix. Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), e2310043. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202310043
Livingston, Natalie K., John W. Hickey, Hajin Sim, Sebastian F. Salathe, Joseph Choy, Jiayuan Kong, Aliyah B. Silver, et al. “In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix.Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), February 2024, e2310043. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202310043.
Livingston NK, Hickey JW, Sim H, Salathe SF, Choy J, Kong J, et al. In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix. Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla). 2024 Feb;e2310043.
Livingston, Natalie K., et al. “In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix.Advanced Materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), Feb. 2024, p. e2310043. Epmc, doi:10.1002/adma.202310043.
Livingston NK, Hickey JW, Sim H, Salathe SF, Choy J, Kong J, Silver AB, Stelzel JL, Omotoso MO, Li S, Chaisawangwong W, Roy S, Ariail EC, Lanis MR, Pradeep P, Bieler JG, Witte SE, Leonard E, Doloff JC, Spangler JB, Mao H-Q, Schneck JP. In Vivo Stimulation of Therapeutic Antigen-Specific T Cells in an Artificial Lymph Node Matrix. Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla). 2024 Feb;e2310043.
Journal cover image

Published In

Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)

DOI

EISSN

1521-4095

ISSN

0935-9648

Publication Date

February 2024

Start / End Page

e2310043

Related Subject Headings

  • Nanoscience & Nanotechnology
  • 51 Physical sciences
  • 40 Engineering
  • 34 Chemical sciences
  • 09 Engineering
  • 03 Chemical Sciences
  • 02 Physical Sciences