Skip to main content
Journal cover image

Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Johnston, AW; Hensel, DJ; Roth, JD; Wiener, JS; Misseri, R; Szymanski, KM
Published in: Disabil Health J
March 20, 2024

BACKGROUND: People with disabilities and chronic medical conditions are known to be at higher risk of sexual abuse (SA) and intimate partner violence (IPV). People with spina bifida (SB) are vulnerable, but little is known about the prevalence of abuse in this population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of SA and IPV in adults with SB. METHODS: An anonymous international cross-sectional online survey of adults with SB asked about history of SA ("sexual contact that you did not want") and IPV ("hit, slapped, kicked, punched or hurt physically by a partner"). RESULTS: Median age of the 405 participants (61% female) was 35 years. Most self-identified as heterosexual (85%) and were in a romantic relationship (66%). A total of 19% reported a history of SA (78% no SA, 3% preferred not to answer). SA was more frequently reported by women compared to men (27% vs. 5%, p < 0.001) and non-heterosexual adults compared to heterosexuals (41% vs. 15%, p < 0.001). Twelve percent reported a history of IPV (86% no IPV, 2% preferred not to answer). IPV was more frequently reported by women compared to men (14% vs. 9%, p = 0.02), non-heterosexuals compared to heterosexuals (26% vs. 10%, p = 0.002), and adults with a history of sexual activity versus those without (14% vs. 2%, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: People with SB are subjected to SA and IPV. Women and non-heterosexuals are at higher risk of both.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Disabil Health J

DOI

EISSN

1876-7583

Publication Date

March 20, 2024

Start / End Page

101617

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 42 Health sciences
  • 32 Biomedical and clinical sciences
  • 11 Medical and Health Sciences
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Johnston, A. W., Hensel, D. J., Roth, J. D., Wiener, J. S., Misseri, R., & Szymanski, K. M. (2024). Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida. Disabil Health J, 101617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2024.101617
Johnston, Ashley W., Devon J. Hensel, Joshua D. Roth, John S. Wiener, Rosalia Misseri, and Konrad M. Szymanski. “Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida.Disabil Health J, March 20, 2024, 101617. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2024.101617.
Johnston AW, Hensel DJ, Roth JD, Wiener JS, Misseri R, Szymanski KM. Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida. Disabil Health J. 2024 Mar 20;101617.
Johnston, Ashley W., et al. “Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida.Disabil Health J, Mar. 2024, p. 101617. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2024.101617.
Johnston AW, Hensel DJ, Roth JD, Wiener JS, Misseri R, Szymanski KM. Prevalence of sexual abuse and intimate partner violence in adults with spina bifida. Disabil Health J. 2024 Mar 20;101617.
Journal cover image

Published In

Disabil Health J

DOI

EISSN

1876-7583

Publication Date

March 20, 2024

Start / End Page

101617

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 42 Health sciences
  • 32 Biomedical and clinical sciences
  • 11 Medical and Health Sciences