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Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Huebinger, R; Coute, RA; Hill, MJ; Blewer, AL; Del Rios, M
Published in: Health Promot Pract
May 11, 2024

Introduction. While racial NIH funding disparities have been identified, little is known about the link between community demographics of institutions and NIH funding. We sought to evaluate the association between institution zip code characteristics and NIH funding. Methods. We linked the 2011-2021 NIH RePORTER database to Census data. We calculated the funding to each institution and stratified institutions into funding quartiles. We defined out independent variables as institution ZIP code level race/ethnicity (White, Black, and Hispanic), and socioeconomic status (household income, high school graduation rate, and unemployment rate). We used ordinal regression models to evaluate the association between institution ZIP code characteristics and grant funding quartile. Results. We included 731,548 grants (US$271,495,839,744) from 3,971 ZIP codes. The funding amounts in millions of U.S. dollars for the funding quartiles were fourth - 0.25, third - 1.1, second - 3.8, first - 43.5. Using ordinal regression, we found an association between increasing unemployment rate (OR = 1.03 [1.02, 1.05]), increasing high school graduation rate (OR = 3.6 [1.6, 8.4]), decreasing proportion of White people (OR = 0.4 [0.3, 0.5]), increasing proportion of Black people (OR = 1.3 [0.9, 1.8]), and increasing proportion of Hispanic/Latine people (OR = 2.5 [1.7, 3.5]) and higher grant funding quartiles. We found no association between household income and grant funding quartile. Conclusion. We found ZIP code demographics to be inadequate for evaluating NIH funding disparities, and the association between institution ZIP code demographics and investigator demographics is unclear. To evaluate and improve grant funding disparities, better grant recipient data accessibility and transparency are needed.

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Published In

Health Promot Pract

DOI

ISSN

1524-8399

Publication Date

May 11, 2024

Start / End Page

15248399241246550

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 4206 Public health
  • 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services
 

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Huebinger, R., Coute, R. A., Hill, M. J., Blewer, A. L., & Del Rios, M. (2024). Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding. Health Promot Pract, 15248399241246550. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248399241246550
Huebinger, Ryan, Ryan A. Coute, Mandy J. Hill, Audrey L. Blewer, and Marina Del Rios. “Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding.Health Promot Pract, May 11, 2024, 15248399241246550. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248399241246550.
Huebinger R, Coute RA, Hill MJ, Blewer AL, Del Rios M. Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding. Health Promot Pract. 2024 May 11;15248399241246550.
Huebinger, Ryan, et al. “Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding.Health Promot Pract, May 2024, p. 15248399241246550. Pubmed, doi:10.1177/15248399241246550.
Huebinger R, Coute RA, Hill MJ, Blewer AL, Del Rios M. Association Between Institution ZIP Code Characteristics and NIH Funding. Health Promot Pract. 2024 May 11;15248399241246550.
Journal cover image

Published In

Health Promot Pract

DOI

ISSN

1524-8399

Publication Date

May 11, 2024

Start / End Page

15248399241246550

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • 4206 Public health
  • 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy
  • 1117 Public Health and Health Services