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Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Haji, M; Capilupi, M; Kwok, M; Ibrahim, N; Bloomfield, GS; Longenecker, CT; Rodriguez-Barradas, MC; Ashong, CN; Jutkowitz, E; Taveira, TH ...
Published in: JAMA Netw Open
May 1, 2024

IMPORTANCE: Clinical outcomes after acute coronary syndromes (ACS) or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) in people living with HIV have not been characterized in sufficient detail, and extant data have not been synthesized adequately. OBJECTIVE: To better characterize clinical outcomes and postdischarge treatment of patients living with HIV after ACS or PCIs compared with patients in an HIV-negative control group. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for all available longitudinal studies of patients living with HIV after ACS or PCIs from inception until August 2023. STUDY SELECTION: Included studies met the following criteria: patients living with HIV and HIV-negative comparator group included, patients presenting with ACS or undergoing PCI included, and longitudinal follow-up data collected after the initial event. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Data extraction was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) statement. Clinical outcome data were pooled using a random-effects model meta-analysis. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES: The following clinical outcomes were studied: all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events, cardiovascular death, recurrent ACS, stroke, new heart failure, total lesion revascularization, and total vessel revascularization. The maximally adjusted relative risk (RR) of clinical outcomes on follow-up comparing patients living with HIV with patients in control groups was taken as the main outcome measure. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies including 9499 patients living with HIV (pooled proportion [range], 76.4% [64.3%-100%] male; pooled mean [range] age, 56.2 [47.0-63.0] years) and 1 531 117 patients without HIV in a control group (pooled proportion [range], 61.7% [59.7%-100%] male; pooled mean [range] age, 67.7 [42.0-69.4] years) were included; both populations were predominantly male, but patients living with HIV were younger by approximately 11 years. Patients living with HIV were also significantly more likely to be current smokers (pooled proportion [range], 59.1% [24.0%-75.0%] smokers vs 42.8% [26.0%-64.1%] smokers) and engage in illicit drug use (pooled proportion [range], 31.2% [2.0%-33.7%] drug use vs 6.8% [0%-11.5%] drug use) and had higher triglyceride (pooled mean [range], 233 [167-268] vs 171 [148-220] mg/dL) and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (pooled mean [range], 40 [26-43] vs 46 [29-46] mg/dL) levels. Populations with and without HIV were followed up for a pooled mean (range) of 16.2 (3.0-60.8) months and 11.9 (3.0-60.8) months, respectively. On postdischarge follow-up, patients living with HIV had lower prevalence of statin (pooled proportion [range], 53.3% [45.8%-96.1%] vs 59.9% [58.4%-99.0%]) and β-blocker (pooled proportion [range], 54.0% [51.3%-90.0%] vs 60.6% [59.6%-93.6%]) prescriptions compared with those in the control group, but these differences were not statistically significant. There was a significantly increased risk among patients living with HIV vs those without HIV for all-cause mortality (RR, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.32-2.04), major adverse cardiovascular events (RR, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.01-1.22), recurrent ACS (RR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.12-2.97), and admissions for new heart failure (RR, 3.39; 95% CI, 1.73-6.62). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: These findings suggest the need for attention toward secondary prevention strategies to address poor outcomes of cardiovascular disease among patients living with HIV.

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Published In

JAMA Netw Open

DOI

EISSN

2574-3805

Publication Date

May 1, 2024

Volume

7

Issue

5

Start / End Page

e2411159

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Treatment Outcome
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • Myocardial Revascularization
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • HIV Infections
  • Female
  • Adult
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome
 

Citation

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Haji, M., Capilupi, M., Kwok, M., Ibrahim, N., Bloomfield, G. S., Longenecker, C. T., … Erqou, S. (2024). Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JAMA Netw Open, 7(5), e2411159. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.11159
Haji, Mohammed, Michael Capilupi, Michael Kwok, Nouran Ibrahim, Gerald S. Bloomfield, Christopher T. Longenecker, Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, et al. “Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.JAMA Netw Open 7, no. 5 (May 1, 2024): e2411159. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.11159.
Haji M, Capilupi M, Kwok M, Ibrahim N, Bloomfield GS, Longenecker CT, et al. Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2024 May 1;7(5):e2411159.
Haji, Mohammed, et al. “Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.JAMA Netw Open, vol. 7, no. 5, May 2024, p. e2411159. Pubmed, doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.11159.
Haji M, Capilupi M, Kwok M, Ibrahim N, Bloomfield GS, Longenecker CT, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Ashong CN, Jutkowitz E, Taveira TH, Richard M, Sullivan JL, Rudolph JL, Wu W-C, Erqou S. Clinical Outcomes After Acute Coronary Syndromes or Revascularization Among People Living With HIV: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2024 May 1;7(5):e2411159.

Published In

JAMA Netw Open

DOI

EISSN

2574-3805

Publication Date

May 1, 2024

Volume

7

Issue

5

Start / End Page

e2411159

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Treatment Outcome
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
  • Myocardial Revascularization
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • HIV Infections
  • Female
  • Adult
  • Acute Coronary Syndrome