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Olfactory conditioning facilitates diet transition in human infants.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Coyle, S; Arnold, HM; Goldberg-Arnold, JS; Rubin, DC; Hall, WG
November 2000

We evaluated whether Pavlovian conditioning methods could be used to increase the ingestion of non-preferred solutions by formula-fed human infants. In baseline measures, 5-7 month old infants sucked less frequently and consumed less water than regular formula. During a 3-day olfactory conditioning period, parents placed a small scented disk, the conditioned stimulus, on the rim of their infants' formula bottle at every feeding. Following this training, infants' responses to water were tested when their water bottles had a disk scented with the training odor, a novel odor, or no odor. Infants tested with the training odor sucked more frequently and consumed significantly more water than they had at baseline. Infants tested with no odor or a novel odor consumed water at or below baseline levels. These data demonstrate that olfactory conditioning can be used to enhance ingestion in infants and suggest that such methods may be useful for infants experiencing difficulty when making transitions from one diet to another.

Duke Scholars

Publication Date

November 2000

Publisher

Wiley

Related Subject Headings

  • Treatment Outcome
  • Odorants
  • Male
  • Infant Behavior
  • Infant
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Drinking
  • Conditioning, Classical
 

Citation

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Coyle, S., Arnold, H. M., Goldberg-Arnold, J. S., Rubin, D. C., & Hall, W. G. (2000). Olfactory conditioning facilitates diet transition in human infants.
Coyle, S., H. M. Arnold, J. S. Goldberg-Arnold, D. C. Rubin, and W. G. Hall. “Olfactory conditioning facilitates diet transition in human infants.,” November 2000.
Coyle S, Arnold HM, Goldberg-Arnold JS, Rubin DC, Hall WG. Olfactory conditioning facilitates diet transition in human infants. 2000 Nov;
Coyle S, Arnold HM, Goldberg-Arnold JS, Rubin DC, Hall WG. Olfactory conditioning facilitates diet transition in human infants. Wiley; 2000 Nov;

Publication Date

November 2000

Publisher

Wiley

Related Subject Headings

  • Treatment Outcome
  • Odorants
  • Male
  • Infant Behavior
  • Infant
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Drinking
  • Conditioning, Classical