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Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Berntsen, D; Rubin, DC
April 2004

Three classes of evidence demonstrate the existence of life scripts, or culturally shared representations of the timing of major transitional life events. First, a reanalysis of earlier studies on age norms shows an increase in the number of transitional events between the ages of 15 and 30 years, and these events are associated with narrower age ranges and more positive emotion than events outside this period. Second, 1,485 Danes estimated how old hypothetical centenarians were when they had been happiest, saddest, most afraid, most in love, and had their most important and most traumatic experiences. Only the number of positive events showed an increase between the ages of 15 and 30 years. Third, undergraduates generated seven important events that were likely to occur in the life of a newborn. Pleasantness and whether events were expected to occur between the ages of 15 and 30 years predicted how frequently events were recorded. Life scripts provide an alternative explanation of the reminiscence bump. Emphasis is on culture, not individuals.

Duke Scholars

Publication Date

April 2004

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Related Subject Headings

  • Time Perception
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Random Allocation
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Life Change Events
  • Humans
  • Female
 

Citation

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Berntsen, Dorthe, and David C. Rubin. “Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory.,” April 2004.
Berntsen, Dorthe, and David C. Rubin. Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory. Springer Science and Business Media LLC, Apr. 2004.
Berntsen D, Rubin DC. Cultural life scripts structure recall from autobiographical memory. Springer Science and Business Media LLC; 2004 Apr;

Publication Date

April 2004

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Related Subject Headings

  • Time Perception
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Random Allocation
  • Middle Aged
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Life Change Events
  • Humans
  • Female