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Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Prince, SE; Tsukiura, T; Cabeza, R
Published in: Psychological science
February 2007

Episodic memory and semantic memory interact very closely. In particular, episodic memory encoding (EE) tends to elicit semantic memory retrieval (SR), and vice versa. Thus, similar activations for EE and SR in functional neuroimaging studies may reflect shared memory processes, or they may reflect the fact that EE and SR are usually confounded. To address this issue, we used a factorial functional magnetic resonance imaging approach to disentangle the neural correlates of EE and SR. Within the left temporal lobe, the hippocampus was associated with successful EE, whereas a posterior lateral region was associated with successful SR. Within the left inferior prefrontal cortex, a posterior region was involved in SR, a mid region was involved in both SR and EE, and an anterior region was involved in EE, but only when SR was also high. Thus, the neural correlates of EE and SR are dissociable but interact in specific brain regions.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Psychological science

DOI

EISSN

1467-9280

ISSN

0956-7976

Publication Date

February 2007

Volume

18

Issue

2

Start / End Page

144 / 151

Related Subject Headings

  • Temporal Lobe
  • Semantics
  • Neural Pathways
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Humans
  • Hippocampus
  • Female
 

Citation

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ICMJE
MLA
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Prince, S. E., Tsukiura, T., & Cabeza, R. (2007). Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval. Psychological Science, 18(2), 144–151. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01864.x
Prince, Steven E., Takashi Tsukiura, and Roberto Cabeza. “Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval.Psychological Science 18, no. 2 (February 2007): 144–51. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01864.x.
Prince SE, Tsukiura T, Cabeza R. Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval. Psychological science. 2007 Feb;18(2):144–51.
Prince, Steven E., et al. “Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval.Psychological Science, vol. 18, no. 2, Feb. 2007, pp. 144–51. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01864.x.
Prince SE, Tsukiura T, Cabeza R. Distinguishing the neural correlates of episodic memory encoding and semantic memory retrieval. Psychological science. 2007 Feb;18(2):144–151.
Journal cover image

Published In

Psychological science

DOI

EISSN

1467-9280

ISSN

0956-7976

Publication Date

February 2007

Volume

18

Issue

2

Start / End Page

144 / 151

Related Subject Headings

  • Temporal Lobe
  • Semantics
  • Neural Pathways
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Male
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Humans
  • Hippocampus
  • Female