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Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits

Publication ,  Journal Article
Pattanayak, SK; Mercer, DE
Published in: Journal of Sustainable Forestry
May 21, 2002

Soil erosion poses economic and environmental concerns in many tropical uplands. Agroforestry has been proposed as a sustainable land use that can mitigate soil erosion and promote the economic welfare of small farmers. To evaluate such claims, we must (a) develop a composite measure of effectiveness, such as a soil conservation index, and (b) define it in terms understood by the farmers who ultimately choose to adopt and implement agroforestry. We construct an empirical soil conservation index as a weighted average of farmer perceptions of four soil attributes and develop a statistical model of soil conservation benefits of agroforestry by using survey data from the Philippines. Accounting for self-selection bias, we evaluate the soil conservation benefits by testing the correlation between the index and the level of agroforestry adoption. Our estimated model shows that agroforestry can generate 15-20 percent soil conservation for the typical small farmer. We offer several methodological, practical, and policy insights. Because many farmers in developing countries face informational and capital constraints, our study suggests that public policies should support smallholder agroforestry, a type of “natural investment” in soil capital, to generate private and public benefits. © 2002 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. All rights reserved.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Journal of Sustainable Forestry

DOI

EISSN

1540-756X

ISSN

1054-9811

Publication Date

May 21, 2002

Volume

15

Issue

2

Start / End Page

63 / 85

Related Subject Headings

  • Forestry
  • 0705 Forestry Sciences
 

Citation

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Pattanayak, S. K., & Mercer, D. E. (2002). Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 15(2), 63–85. https://doi.org/10.1300/J091v15n02_03
Pattanayak, S. K., and D. E. Mercer. “Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits.” Journal of Sustainable Forestry 15, no. 2 (May 21, 2002): 63–85. https://doi.org/10.1300/J091v15n02_03.
Pattanayak SK, Mercer DE. Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2002 May 21;15(2):63–85.
Pattanayak, S. K., and D. E. Mercer. “Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits.” Journal of Sustainable Forestry, vol. 15, no. 2, May 2002, pp. 63–85. Scopus, doi:10.1300/J091v15n02_03.
Pattanayak SK, Mercer DE. Indexing soil conservation: Farmer Perceptions of Agroforestry Benefits. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2002 May 21;15(2):63–85.

Published In

Journal of Sustainable Forestry

DOI

EISSN

1540-756X

ISSN

1054-9811

Publication Date

May 21, 2002

Volume

15

Issue

2

Start / End Page

63 / 85

Related Subject Headings

  • Forestry
  • 0705 Forestry Sciences