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The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Camacho, DL; Nightingale, RW; Myers, BS
Published in: J Biomech Eng
October 2001

A validated computational head-neck model was used to understand the mechanical relationships between surface padding characteristics and injury risk during impacts near the head vertex. The study demonstrated that injury risk can be decreased by maximizing the energy-dissipating ability of the pad, choosing a pad stiffness that maximizes pad deformation without bottoming out, maximizing pad thickness, and minimizing surface friction. That increasing pad thickness protected the head without increasing neck loads suggests that the increased cervical spine injury incidence previously observed in cadaveric impacts to padded surfaces relative to lubricated rigid surfaces was due to increased surface friction rather than pocketing of the head in the pad.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Biomech Eng

DOI

ISSN

0148-0731

Publication Date

October 2001

Volume

123

Issue

5

Start / End Page

432 / 439

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Protective Devices
  • Neck Injuries
  • Models, Biological
  • Humans
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Friction
  • Craniocerebral Trauma
  • Cervical Vertebrae
  • Biomedical Engineering
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Camacho, D. L., Nightingale, R. W., & Myers, B. S. (2001). The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk. J Biomech Eng, 123(5), 432–439. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1389086
Camacho, D. L., R. W. Nightingale, and B. S. Myers. “The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk.J Biomech Eng 123, no. 5 (October 2001): 432–39. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1389086.
Camacho DL, Nightingale RW, Myers BS. The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk. J Biomech Eng. 2001 Oct;123(5):432–9.
Camacho, D. L., et al. “The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk.J Biomech Eng, vol. 123, no. 5, Oct. 2001, pp. 432–39. Pubmed, doi:10.1115/1.1389086.
Camacho DL, Nightingale RW, Myers BS. The influence of surface padding properties on head and neck injury risk. J Biomech Eng. 2001 Oct;123(5):432–439.

Published In

J Biomech Eng

DOI

ISSN

0148-0731

Publication Date

October 2001

Volume

123

Issue

5

Start / End Page

432 / 439

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Risk Factors
  • Protective Devices
  • Neck Injuries
  • Models, Biological
  • Humans
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Friction
  • Craniocerebral Trauma
  • Cervical Vertebrae
  • Biomedical Engineering