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Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference?

Publication ,  Journal Article
Skinner, CS; Schildkraut, JM; Berry, D; Calingaert, B; Marcom, PK; Sugarman, J; Winer, EP; Iglehart, JD; Futreal, PA; Rimer, BK
Published in: Genet Test
2002

Although tailored print materials (TPMs) have been assessed for a variety of behavioral targets, their effectiveness as decision aids for genetic testing had not been evaluated at the time this study began. We compared TPMs and non-tailored print material (NPMs) that included similar content about genetic testing for breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility. TPMs were prepared especially for an individual based on information from and about her. We mailed baseline surveys to 461 women referred by physicians or identified through a tumor registry. All had personal and family histories of breast and/or ovarian cancer and, on the basis of these histories, an estimated > or =10% probability of carrying a mutation in the breast/ovarian cancer genes BRCA1 or BRCA2. The 325 (70%) who responded were randomly assigned to receive TPM or NPM. Followup surveys, mailed 2 weeks following receipt of print materials, were returned by 262 women (81% of baseline responders). Participants were predominately white (94%) and well-educated (50% college graduates). The mean age was 49 years. At follow-up, TPM recipients exhibited significantly greater improvement in percent of correct responses for the 13-item true/false measure of knowledge (24% increase for TPM vs. 16% for NPM; p < 0.0001) and significantly less over-estimation of risk of being a mutation carrier (40% TPM group overestimated vs. 70% NPM; p < 0.0001). Anxiety did not differ significantly between groups. Reactions to materials differed on two items: "seemed to be prepared just for me" (76% TPM vs. 52% NPM; p < 0.001) and "told me what I wanted to know about BRCA1 and 2 testing" (98% TPM vs. 91% NPM; p < 0.05). TPMs showed an advantage in increasing knowledge and enhancing accuracy of perceived risk. Both are critical components of informed decision making.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Genet Test

DOI

ISSN

1090-6576

Publication Date

2002

Volume

6

Issue

2

Start / End Page

93 / 105

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Registries
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Ovarian Neoplasms
  • North Carolina
  • Middle Aged
  • Humans
  • Health Surveys
  • Genetics & Heredity
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Skinner, C. S., Schildkraut, J. M., Berry, D., Calingaert, B., Marcom, P. K., Sugarman, J., … Rimer, B. K. (2002). Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference? Genet Test, 6(2), 93–105. https://doi.org/10.1089/10906570260199348
Skinner, Celette Sugg, Joellen M. Schildkraut, Donald Berry, Brian Calingaert, P Kelly Marcom, Jeremy Sugarman, Eric P. Winer, J Dirk Iglehart, P Andrew Futreal, and Barbara K. Rimer. “Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference?Genet Test 6, no. 2 (2002): 93–105. https://doi.org/10.1089/10906570260199348.
Skinner CS, Schildkraut JM, Berry D, Calingaert B, Marcom PK, Sugarman J, et al. Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference? Genet Test. 2002;6(2):93–105.
Skinner, Celette Sugg, et al. “Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference?Genet Test, vol. 6, no. 2, 2002, pp. 93–105. Pubmed, doi:10.1089/10906570260199348.
Skinner CS, Schildkraut JM, Berry D, Calingaert B, Marcom PK, Sugarman J, Winer EP, Iglehart JD, Futreal PA, Rimer BK. Pre-counseling education materials for BRCA testing: does tailoring make a difference? Genet Test. 2002;6(2):93–105.

Published In

Genet Test

DOI

ISSN

1090-6576

Publication Date

2002

Volume

6

Issue

2

Start / End Page

93 / 105

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Registries
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Ovarian Neoplasms
  • North Carolina
  • Middle Aged
  • Humans
  • Health Surveys
  • Genetics & Heredity
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease