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The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kuefler, D; Hudgens, B; Haddad, NM; Morris, WF; Thurgate, N
Published in: Ecology
April 2010

Determining connectivity within complex landscapes is difficult if habitats that facilitate dispersal differ from habitats where animals normally are found or enter. We addressed the question of how landscape features affect dispersal by quantifying two critical aspects of animal movement behavior that determine dispersal rates across complex landscapes: conductivity of major habitat types and behavior at boundaries between habitat types. Our tests consisted of behavioral experiments and observational surveys of a wetland butterfly, Satyrodes appalachia. Displacement rates varied among habitats, with the longest moves and straightest paths leading to greater displacement rate in open habitat and shortest moves and most sinuous paths causing the slowest displacement rate in riparian forest habitat. We found a strong negative relationship between the probability of entering a habitat and the speed of moving through it. Recognizing this central conflict between entering and moving through habitat is important for assessing the connectivity of complex landscapes.

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Published In

Ecology

DOI

EISSN

1939-9170

ISSN

1939-9170

Publication Date

April 2010

Volume

91

Issue

4

Start / End Page

944 / 950

Related Subject Headings

  • Population Dynamics
  • Movement
  • Ecosystem
  • Ecology
  • Butterflies
  • Animals
  • 4102 Ecological applications
  • 3109 Zoology
  • 3103 Ecology
  • 0603 Evolutionary Biology
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Kuefler, D., Hudgens, B., Haddad, N. M., Morris, W. F., & Thurgate, N. (2010). The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal. Ecology, 91(4), 944–950. https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0614.1
Kuefler, Daniel, Brian Hudgens, Nick M. Haddad, William F. Morris, and Nicole Thurgate. “The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal.Ecology 91, no. 4 (April 2010): 944–50. https://doi.org/10.1890/09-0614.1.
Kuefler D, Hudgens B, Haddad NM, Morris WF, Thurgate N. The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal. Ecology. 2010 Apr;91(4):944–50.
Kuefler, Daniel, et al. “The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal.Ecology, vol. 91, no. 4, Apr. 2010, pp. 944–50. Epmc, doi:10.1890/09-0614.1.
Kuefler D, Hudgens B, Haddad NM, Morris WF, Thurgate N. The conflicting role of matrix habitats as conduits and barriers for dispersal. Ecology. 2010 Apr;91(4):944–950.
Journal cover image

Published In

Ecology

DOI

EISSN

1939-9170

ISSN

1939-9170

Publication Date

April 2010

Volume

91

Issue

4

Start / End Page

944 / 950

Related Subject Headings

  • Population Dynamics
  • Movement
  • Ecosystem
  • Ecology
  • Butterflies
  • Animals
  • 4102 Ecological applications
  • 3109 Zoology
  • 3103 Ecology
  • 0603 Evolutionary Biology