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The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers

Publication ,  Journal Article
Lipkus, IM; Feaganes, JR; Green, JD; Sedikides, C
Published in: Journal of Applied Social Psychology
January 1, 2001

Growing evidence shows that attitudes can exist on a bivariate rather than a bipolar plane. This conceptualization provides a more dynamic approach to studying how attitudinal ambivalence (i.e., evaluating an attitude object as both positive and negative) affects smoking-related behaviors. Based on a sample of 157 college smokers, we obtained preliminary validational support for a smoking-specific felt attitudinal ambivalence scale. Felt attitudinal ambivalence correlated positively with potential for ambivalence, negative attitudes, and negative as well as positive outcome expectancies related to smoking. Smokers who felt more ambivalent reported a greater desire to quit and were more likely to be contemplators, as defined by the transtheoretical model of behavioral change. In multivariate analyses, felt ambivalence toward smoking predicted desire to quit after controlling for positive and negative attitudes and negative smoking consequences. These results provide promising support for the smoking-specific felt-ambivalence scale, and suggest that attitudinal ambivalence should be investigated further as a motivational mechanism to affect smoking cessation.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Journal of Applied Social Psychology

DOI

ISSN

0021-9029

Publication Date

January 1, 2001

Volume

31

Issue

1

Start / End Page

113 / 133

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • 5205 Social and personality psychology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1505 Marketing
 

Citation

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ICMJE
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Lipkus, I. M., Feaganes, J. R., Green, J. D., & Sedikides, C. (2001). The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31(1), 113–133. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02485.x
Lipkus, I. M., J. R. Feaganes, J. D. Green, and C. Sedikides. “The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology 31, no. 1 (January 1, 2001): 113–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02485.x.
Lipkus IM, Feaganes JR, Green JD, Sedikides C. The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2001 Jan 1;31(1):113–33.
Lipkus, I. M., et al. “The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology, vol. 31, no. 1, Jan. 2001, pp. 113–33. Scopus, doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02485.x.
Lipkus IM, Feaganes JR, Green JD, Sedikides C. The relationship between attitudinal ambivalence and desire to quit smoking among college smokers. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2001 Jan 1;31(1):113–133.
Journal cover image

Published In

Journal of Applied Social Psychology

DOI

ISSN

0021-9029

Publication Date

January 1, 2001

Volume

31

Issue

1

Start / End Page

113 / 133

Related Subject Headings

  • Social Psychology
  • 5205 Social and personality psychology
  • 4206 Public health
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1702 Cognitive Sciences
  • 1701 Psychology
  • 1505 Marketing