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Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Chemtob, CM; Muraoka, MY; Wu-Holt, P; Fairbank, JA; Hamada, RS; Keane, TM
Published in: J Nerv Ment Dis
November 1998

Given the association of injury and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), we examined whether head injury might be associated with increased frequency and severity of PTSD. Using a mail survey, we queried 143 male combat veterans with and without PTSD, who had previously participated in PTSD research in our laboratory, about their history of head injury. Respondents with a PTSD diagnosis were significantly more likely to report a history of head injury than those without. Patients with a history of head injury also reported more severe symptoms of PTSD compared with PTSD patients without head injury. The association of head injury and PTSD was not due to greater combat exposure in the head-injured group. Head injury is associated with a greater likelihood of developing combat-related PTSD and with more severe PTSD symptoms. This retrospective study did not address mechanisms that could account for this finding. The results indicate head injury should be systematically assessed by both nonpsychiatric and psychiatric physicians concerned with the psychological sequelae of exposure to victimizing experiences.

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Published In

J Nerv Ment Dis

DOI

ISSN

0022-3018

Publication Date

November 1998

Volume

186

Issue

11

Start / End Page

701 / 708

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Psychiatry
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Craniocerebral Trauma
  • Comorbidity
  • Combat Disorders
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
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Chemtob, C. M., Muraoka, M. Y., Wu-Holt, P., Fairbank, J. A., Hamada, R. S., & Keane, T. M. (1998). Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis, 186(11), 701–708. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199811000-00007
Chemtob, C. M., M. Y. Muraoka, P. Wu-Holt, J. A. Fairbank, R. S. Hamada, and T. M. Keane. “Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.J Nerv Ment Dis 186, no. 11 (November 1998): 701–8. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005053-199811000-00007.
Chemtob CM, Muraoka MY, Wu-Holt P, Fairbank JA, Hamada RS, Keane TM. Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1998 Nov;186(11):701–8.
Chemtob, C. M., et al. “Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.J Nerv Ment Dis, vol. 186, no. 11, Nov. 1998, pp. 701–08. Pubmed, doi:10.1097/00005053-199811000-00007.
Chemtob CM, Muraoka MY, Wu-Holt P, Fairbank JA, Hamada RS, Keane TM. Head injury and combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1998 Nov;186(11):701–708.

Published In

J Nerv Ment Dis

DOI

ISSN

0022-3018

Publication Date

November 1998

Volume

186

Issue

11

Start / End Page

701 / 708

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Veterans
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Psychiatry
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Humans
  • Craniocerebral Trauma
  • Comorbidity
  • Combat Disorders