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The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Dew, ITZ; Cabeza, R
Published in: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
April 2011

Explicit memory refers to the conscious retrieval of past information or experiences, whereas implicit memory refers to an unintentional or nonconscious form of retrieval. Much of the literature in cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience has focused on differences between explicit and implicit memory, and the traditional view is that they rely on distinct brain systems. However, the potential interplay between implicit and explicit memory is not always clear. This review draws from behavioral and functional neuroimaging evidence to evaluate three areas in which implicit and explicit memory may be interrelated. First, we discuss views of familiarity-based recognition in terms of its relationship with implicit memory. Second, we review the challenges of distinguishing between implicit memory and involuntary aware memory, at both behavioral and neural levels. Finally, we examine evidence indicating that implicit and explicit retrieval of relational information may rely on a common neural mechanism. Taken together, these areas indicate that, under certain circumstances, there may be an important and influential relationship between conscious and nonconscious expressions of memory.

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Published In

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

DOI

EISSN

1749-6632

ISSN

0077-8923

Publication Date

April 2011

Volume

1224

Start / End Page

174 / 190

Related Subject Headings

  • Recognition, Psychology
  • Radiography
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Nerve Net
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Humans
  • General Science & Technology
  • Consciousness
  • Brain
 

Citation

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Dew, I. T. Z., & Cabeza, R. (2011). The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1224, 174–190. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05946.x
Dew, Ilana T. Z., and Roberto Cabeza. “The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1224 (April 2011): 174–90. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05946.x.
Dew ITZ, Cabeza R. The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2011 Apr;1224:174–90.
Dew, Ilana T. Z., and Roberto Cabeza. “The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence.Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1224, Apr. 2011, pp. 174–90. Epmc, doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05946.x.
Dew ITZ, Cabeza R. The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2011 Apr;1224:174–190.
Journal cover image

Published In

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

DOI

EISSN

1749-6632

ISSN

0077-8923

Publication Date

April 2011

Volume

1224

Start / End Page

174 / 190

Related Subject Headings

  • Recognition, Psychology
  • Radiography
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Nerve Net
  • Mental Recall
  • Memory
  • Humans
  • General Science & Technology
  • Consciousness
  • Brain