Skip to main content
Journal cover image

The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Bruce, ML; Seeman, TE; Merrill, SS; Blazer, DG
Published in: Am J Public Health
November 1994

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of these analyses was to test the hypothesis that depressive symptomatology affects the risk of onset of physical disability in high-functioning elderly adults. METHODS: The data come from the MacArthur Study of Successful Aging, a community-based cohort of high-functioning adults aged 70 through 79 years who were assessed twice at a 2.5-year interval. Physical and cognitive status was assessed by performance as well as by self-report measures. RESULTS: In gender-stratified logistic regression models, high depressive symptoms as measured by the depression subscale of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist were associated with an increased risk of onset of disability in activities of daily living for both men and women, adjusting for baseline sociodemographic factors, physical health status, and cognitive functioning. CONCLUSIONS: Joined with evidence that physical disability is a potential risk factor for depression, these findings suggest that both depressive symptoms and physical disability can initiate a spiralling decline in physical and psychological health. Given the important impact of activities-of-daily-living functioning on utilization of medical services and quality of life, prevention or reduction of depressive symptoms should be considered an important point of intervention.

Duke Scholars

Altmetric Attention Stats
Dimensions Citation Stats

Published In

Am J Public Health

DOI

ISSN

0090-0036

Publication Date

November 1994

Volume

84

Issue

11

Start / End Page

1796 / 1799

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Risk Factors
  • Quality of Life
  • Public Health
  • Population Surveillance
  • North Carolina
  • Massachusetts
  • Male
  • Logistic Models
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Bruce, M. L., Seeman, T. E., Merrill, S. S., & Blazer, D. G. (1994). The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Am J Public Health, 84(11), 1796–1799. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.84.11.1796
Bruce, M. L., T. E. Seeman, S. S. Merrill, and D. G. Blazer. “The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging.Am J Public Health 84, no. 11 (November 1994): 1796–99. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.84.11.1796.
Bruce ML, Seeman TE, Merrill SS, Blazer DG. The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Am J Public Health. 1994 Nov;84(11):1796–9.
Bruce, M. L., et al. “The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging.Am J Public Health, vol. 84, no. 11, Nov. 1994, pp. 1796–99. Pubmed, doi:10.2105/ajph.84.11.1796.
Bruce ML, Seeman TE, Merrill SS, Blazer DG. The impact of depressive symptomatology on physical disability: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Am J Public Health. 1994 Nov;84(11):1796–1799.
Journal cover image

Published In

Am J Public Health

DOI

ISSN

0090-0036

Publication Date

November 1994

Volume

84

Issue

11

Start / End Page

1796 / 1799

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Risk Factors
  • Quality of Life
  • Public Health
  • Population Surveillance
  • North Carolina
  • Massachusetts
  • Male
  • Logistic Models