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Flexible cystoscopy.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Kennedy, TJ; Preminger, GM
Published in: Urol Clin North Am
August 1988

Flexible fiberoptic technology was first applied to cystoscopy in 1973, with greatly increased usage since 1982. Most procedures formerly performed with rigid cystoscopes can be done using flexible cystoscopes with minimal or no anesthesia. Patient positioning and precystocopy preparation and draping are simplified with the flexible fiberoptic instruments. Complete examination of the urethra and bladder can be performed with a single-lens system and with the patient in a variety of positions. Fiberoptic cystoscopy is limited in patients who are bleeding or have blood clots in their bladders. Withdrawal of irrigant or bladder drainage is cumbersome, and the fiberoptic image is currently not of the same caliber as that of the rigid-lens systems. Fiberoptic cystoscopy has become the procedure of choice for many urologists for ureteral stenting prior to extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy. With the advent of lithotripters that require no anesthesia, this application is likely to broaden. Future applications of flexible cystoscopy may include a flexible videocystoscope for use in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Urol Clin North Am

ISSN

0094-0143

Publication Date

August 1988

Volume

15

Issue

3

Start / End Page

525 / 528

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Urology & Nephrology
  • Humans
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • Cystoscopy
  • Cystoscopes
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences
 

Citation

APA
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ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Kennedy, T. J., & Preminger, G. M. (1988). Flexible cystoscopy. Urol Clin North Am, 15(3), 525–528.
Kennedy, T. J., and G. M. Preminger. “Flexible cystoscopy.Urol Clin North Am 15, no. 3 (August 1988): 525–28.
Kennedy TJ, Preminger GM. Flexible cystoscopy. Urol Clin North Am. 1988 Aug;15(3):525–8.
Kennedy, T. J., and G. M. Preminger. “Flexible cystoscopy.Urol Clin North Am, vol. 15, no. 3, Aug. 1988, pp. 525–28.
Kennedy TJ, Preminger GM. Flexible cystoscopy. Urol Clin North Am. 1988 Aug;15(3):525–528.
Journal cover image

Published In

Urol Clin North Am

ISSN

0094-0143

Publication Date

August 1988

Volume

15

Issue

3

Start / End Page

525 / 528

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Urology & Nephrology
  • Humans
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • Cystoscopy
  • Cystoscopes
  • 3202 Clinical sciences
  • 1103 Clinical Sciences