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U.S.S.R. and U.S. nutrient intake, plasma lipids, and lipoproteins in men ages 40-59 sampled from Lipid Research Clinics populations.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Ingram, DD; Thorn, MD; Stinnett, SS; Deev, AD
Published in: Prev Med
May 1985

Correlates of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and other lipids and lipoproteins were studied in white men ages 40-59 who were part of the 15% random sample recalled to Visit 2 of the Lipid Research Clinics Program Prevalence Study. Standardized examinations were conducted by two U.S.S.R. and nine U.S. clinics. Mean plasma lipid and lipoprotein cholesterol levels differed significantly between the two countries, with the U.S.S.R. subpopulations having higher mean total plasma and HDL cholesterol levels and HDL/total cholesterol ratios and lower mean triglyceride levels and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/HDL cholesterol ratios than the U.S. subpopulations. Small, but statistically significant, differences were found in some dietary components. The U.S.S.R. sample had a significantly higher intake of saturated fatty acids, carbohydrates, complex carbohydrates, and kilocalories/kilogram body weight and a significantly lower intake of total fat, polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein, and polyunsaturated/saturated fat ratio. The multiple regression models tested were not major predictors for total plasma cholesterol or LDL cholesterol. Characteristics associated with higher HDL cholesterol levels in both countries were lean body mass, ethanol consumption, abstinence from cigarette smoking, and lower dietary consumption of carbohydrates.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Prev Med

DOI

ISSN

0091-7435

Publication Date

May 1985

Volume

14

Issue

3

Start / End Page

264 / 271

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • USSR
  • Smoking
  • Sampling Studies
  • Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipids
  • Humans
 

Citation

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Ingram, D. D., Thorn, M. D., Stinnett, S. S., & Deev, A. D. (1985). U.S.S.R. and U.S. nutrient intake, plasma lipids, and lipoproteins in men ages 40-59 sampled from Lipid Research Clinics populations. Prev Med, 14(3), 264–271. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(85)90055-6
Ingram, D. D., M. D. Thorn, S. S. Stinnett, and A. D. Deev. “U.S.S.R. and U.S. nutrient intake, plasma lipids, and lipoproteins in men ages 40-59 sampled from Lipid Research Clinics populations.Prev Med 14, no. 3 (May 1985): 264–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/0091-7435(85)90055-6.
Ingram, D. D., et al. “U.S.S.R. and U.S. nutrient intake, plasma lipids, and lipoproteins in men ages 40-59 sampled from Lipid Research Clinics populations.Prev Med, vol. 14, no. 3, May 1985, pp. 264–71. Pubmed, doi:10.1016/0091-7435(85)90055-6.
Journal cover image

Published In

Prev Med

DOI

ISSN

0091-7435

Publication Date

May 1985

Volume

14

Issue

3

Start / End Page

264 / 271

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • United States
  • USSR
  • Smoking
  • Sampling Studies
  • Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Lipoproteins
  • Lipids
  • Humans