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Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Lipkus, IM; Klein, WM; Rimer, BK
Published in: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
August 2001

Using a pre-post test design with a baseline, laboratory, and a 6-month follow-up, we communicated women's objective breast cancer risks, based on the Gail Model, using two formats: (a) range of risks (e.g., risk of breast cancer can be as low as 1% and as high as 5%); and (b) as a point estimate (e.g., your risk of breast cancer is 3%). We examined how these presentations individually and jointly affected women's perceived lifetime breast cancer risks. Overall, providing risk estimates either as a range of risks or as a point estimate lowered women's perceived lifetime risks compared with women who did not get information presented this way shortly after receipt of this information relative to baseline. At the 6-month follow-up, perceptions of lifetime risks generally returned to their baseline values. Overall, women viewed their risk feedback, whether presented as a point estimate or as a range of risks, as equally credible, trustworthy, accurate, and personally relevant. These results suggest that women evaluate risk feedback containing either point estimates or range of risks as equally acceptable. Both formats lead to short-term reductions in perceived risk (i.e., greater accuracy).

Duke Scholars

Published In

Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology

EISSN

1538-7755

ISSN

1055-9965

Publication Date

August 2001

Volume

10

Issue

8

Start / End Page

895 / 898

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Health
  • Truth Disclosure
  • Risk Factors
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Middle Aged
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Epidemiology
  • Communication
  • Breast Neoplasms
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Lipkus, I. M., Klein, W. M., & Rimer, B. K. (2001). Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 10(8), 895–898.
Lipkus, I. M., W. M. Klein, and B. K. Rimer. “Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats.Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 10, no. 8 (August 2001): 895–98.
Lipkus IM, Klein WM, Rimer BK. Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2001 Aug;10(8):895–8.
Lipkus, I. M., et al. “Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats.Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : A Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, vol. 10, no. 8, Aug. 2001, pp. 895–98.
Lipkus IM, Klein WM, Rimer BK. Communicating breast cancer risks to women using different formats. Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2001 Aug;10(8):895–898.

Published In

Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology

EISSN

1538-7755

ISSN

1055-9965

Publication Date

August 2001

Volume

10

Issue

8

Start / End Page

895 / 898

Related Subject Headings

  • Women's Health
  • Truth Disclosure
  • Risk Factors
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Middle Aged
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Epidemiology
  • Communication
  • Breast Neoplasms