## Fast and efficient parallel solution of dense linear systems

The most efficient previously known parallel algorithms for the inversion of a nonsingular n × n matrix A or solving a linear system Ax = b over the rational numbers require O(log2n) time and M(n) n processors [provided that M(n) processors suffice in order to multiply two n × n rational matrices in time O(logn)]. Furthermore, the known polylog arithmetic time algorithms for those problems are numerically unstable. In this paper we apply Newton's iteration and initially choose an approximate inverse matrix by following Ben-Israel. This quadratically convergent and numerically stable iterative method takes O(log2n) parallel time using M(n) processors to compute the inverse (within the relative precision 2-nc for a positive constant c) of an n × n rational matrix A with the condition number at most nd for a constant d. This is the optimum processor bound and by a factor of n improvement of the previously known processor bounds for polylogarithmic time matrix inversion. The algorithm does not require to precompute the condition number of the input matrix, but it just converges slower for ill-conditioned input matrices. © 1989.

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## Related Subject Headings

- Numerical & Computational Mathematics
- 49 Mathematical sciences
- 46 Information and computing sciences
- 35 Commerce, management, tourism and services
- 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
- 08 Information and Computing Sciences
- 01 Mathematical Sciences

### Citation

*Computers and Mathematics with Applications*,

*17*(11), 1481–1491. https://doi.org/10.1016/0898-1221(89)90081-3

*Computers and Mathematics with Applications*17, no. 11 (January 1, 1989): 1481–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/0898-1221(89)90081-3.

*Computers and Mathematics with Applications*, vol. 17, no. 11, Jan. 1989, pp. 1481–91.

*Scopus*, doi:10.1016/0898-1221(89)90081-3.

## Published In

## DOI

## ISSN

## Publication Date

## Volume

## Issue

## Start / End Page

## Related Subject Headings

- Numerical & Computational Mathematics
- 49 Mathematical sciences
- 46 Information and computing sciences
- 35 Commerce, management, tourism and services
- 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
- 08 Information and Computing Sciences
- 01 Mathematical Sciences