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Genetic bioaugmentation as an effective method for in situ bioremediation: functionality of catabolic plasmids following conjugal transfers.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Ikuma, K; Gunsch, CK
Published in: Bioengineered
July 2012

Genetic bioaugmentation is an in situ bioremediation method that stimulates horizontal transfer of catabolic plasmids between exogenous donor cells and indigenous bacteria to increase the biodegradation potential of contaminants. A critical outcome of genetic bioaugmentation is the expression of an active catabolic phenotype upon plasmid conjugation. Using a pWW0-derivative TOL plasmid, we showed that certain genetic characteristics of the recipient bacteria, including genomic guanine-cytosine (G + C) content and phylogeny, may limit the expression of the transferred catabolic pathway. However, such genetic limitations observed in transconjugants could be overcome by the presence of an additional carbon source. Glucose and Luria-Bertani broth were shown to enhance the toluene degradation rates of transconjugants; these enhancement effects were dependent on transconjugant genomic G + C contents. Based on these observations, thorough genetic characterization of the indigenous microbial community in the contaminated environment of interest may provide a predictive tool for assessing the success of genetic bioaugmentation.

Duke Scholars

Published In

Bioengineered

DOI

EISSN

2165-5987

ISSN

2165-5979

Publication Date

July 2012

Volume

3

Issue

4

Start / End Page

236 / 241

Related Subject Headings

  • Toluene
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Serratia marcescens
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Plasmids
  • Phylogeny
  • Microbial Consortia
  • Metagenome
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gene Transfer, Horizontal
 

Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Ikuma, K., & Gunsch, C. K. (2012). Genetic bioaugmentation as an effective method for in situ bioremediation: functionality of catabolic plasmids following conjugal transfers. Bioengineered, 3(4), 236–241. https://doi.org/10.4161/bioe.20551
Ikuma, Kaoru, and Claudia K. Gunsch. “Genetic bioaugmentation as an effective method for in situ bioremediation: functionality of catabolic plasmids following conjugal transfers.Bioengineered 3, no. 4 (July 2012): 236–41. https://doi.org/10.4161/bioe.20551.
Ikuma, Kaoru, and Claudia K. Gunsch. “Genetic bioaugmentation as an effective method for in situ bioremediation: functionality of catabolic plasmids following conjugal transfers.Bioengineered, vol. 3, no. 4, July 2012, pp. 236–41. Epmc, doi:10.4161/bioe.20551.

Published In

Bioengineered

DOI

EISSN

2165-5987

ISSN

2165-5979

Publication Date

July 2012

Volume

3

Issue

4

Start / End Page

236 / 241

Related Subject Headings

  • Toluene
  • Soil Pollutants
  • Serratia marcescens
  • Pseudomonas putida
  • Plasmids
  • Phylogeny
  • Microbial Consortia
  • Metagenome
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gene Transfer, Horizontal