## A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors

Publication ,  Journal Article
Tucker, VA
Published in: Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
January 1, 1996

When a bird flies through the disk swept out by the blades of a wind turbine rotor, the probability of collision depends on the motions and dimensions of the bird and the blades. The collision model in this paper predicts the probability for birds that glide upwind, downwind, and across the wind past simple one-dimensional blades represented by straight lines, and upwind and downwind past more realistic threedimensional blades with chord and twist. Probabilities vary over the surface of the disk, and in most cases, the tip of the blade is less likely to collide with a bird than parts of the blade nearer the hub. The mean probability may be found by integration over the disk area. The collision model identifies the rotor characteristics that could be altered to make turbines safer for birds. © 1996 by ASME.

## Published In

Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME

1528-8986

0199-6231

January 1, 1996

118

4

## Start / End Page

253 / 262

• Energy
• 4008 Electrical engineering
• 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
• 0913 Mechanical Engineering

### Citation

APA
Chicago
ICMJE
MLA
NLM
Tucker, V. A. (1996). A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, 118(4), 253–262. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2871788
Tucker, V. A. “A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors.” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME 118, no. 4 (January 1, 1996): 253–62. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2871788.
Tucker VA. A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME. 1996 Jan 1;118(4):253–62.
Tucker, V. A. “A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors.” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME, vol. 118, no. 4, Jan. 1996, pp. 253–62. Scopus, doi:10.1115/1.2871788.
Tucker VA. A mathematical model of bird collisions with wind turbine rotors. Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME. 1996 Jan 1;118(4):253–262.

## Published In

Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, Transactions of the ASME

1528-8986

0199-6231

January 1, 1996

118

4

253 / 262