Compressed sensing phase transitions: Rigorous bounds versus replica predictions
In recent work, two different methods have been used to characterize the fundamental limits of compressed sensing. On the one hand are rigorous bounds based on information-theoretic arguments or the analysis of specific algorithms. On the other hand are exact but heuristic predictions made using the replica method from statistical physics. In this paper, it is shown that, for certain problem settings, these bounds are in agreement, and thus provide a rigorous and accurate characterization of the compressed sensing problem. This characterization shows that the limits of sparse recovery can be quantified succinctly in terms of an effective signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio, that depends on the number of measurements and the behavior of the sparse components themselves. Connections with the MMSE dimension by Wu and Verdu and minimax behavior of approximate message passing by Donoho et al. are discussed. © 2012 IEEE.