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The accumulative effect of trauma exposure on short-term and delayed verbal memory in a treatment-seeking sample of female rape victims.

Publication ,  Journal Article
Nixon, RDV; Nishith, P; Resick, PA
Published in: J Trauma Stress
February 2004

The accumulative effect of prior high-magnitude trauma exposure on memory was examined in 73 rape victims, 92% of whom had current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were administered the Logical Memory component of the Wechsler Memory Scale, the Quick Test to obtain an estimate of intelligence, and were assessed for prior traumatic experiences. Prior exposure to high-magnitude stressors (e.g., child rape, being kidnapped) was significantly correlated with poorer performance on the memory tasks. Regression analyses controlling for estimated IQ and psychopathology severity demonstrated that magnitude of prior trauma exposure predicted performance on the memory task, suggesting that in the current sample, deficits in verbal memory may be related (in part) to the degree of accumulative stress experienced over the lifetime.

Duke Scholars

Published In

J Trauma Stress

DOI

ISSN

0894-9867

Publication Date

February 2004

Volume

17

Issue

1

Start / End Page

31 / 35

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Wechsler Scales
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Speech
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Repression, Psychology
  • Rape
  • Psychiatry
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Memory, Short-Term
 

Citation

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Nixon, R. D. V., Nishith, P., & Resick, P. A. (2004). The accumulative effect of trauma exposure on short-term and delayed verbal memory in a treatment-seeking sample of female rape victims. J Trauma Stress, 17(1), 31–35. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOTS.0000014673.02925.db
Nixon, Reginald D. V., Pallavi Nishith, and Patricia A. Resick. “The accumulative effect of trauma exposure on short-term and delayed verbal memory in a treatment-seeking sample of female rape victims.J Trauma Stress 17, no. 1 (February 2004): 31–35. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOTS.0000014673.02925.db.
Nixon, Reginald D. V., et al. “The accumulative effect of trauma exposure on short-term and delayed verbal memory in a treatment-seeking sample of female rape victims.J Trauma Stress, vol. 17, no. 1, Feb. 2004, pp. 31–35. Pubmed, doi:10.1023/B:JOTS.0000014673.02925.db.
Journal cover image

Published In

J Trauma Stress

DOI

ISSN

0894-9867

Publication Date

February 2004

Volume

17

Issue

1

Start / End Page

31 / 35

Location

United States

Related Subject Headings

  • Wechsler Scales
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Speech
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Repression, Psychology
  • Rape
  • Psychiatry
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Memory, Short-Term