Consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Published

Journal Article

The present guidelines are the most recent data on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and an update on the 2 previous sets of guidelines published in 2003 and 2007. These guidelines were compiled by a multidisciplinary international panel of individuals with interest and expertise in PONV under the auspices of the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia. The panel members critically and systematically evaluated the current medical literature on PONV to provide an evidence-based reference tool for the management of adults and children who are undergoing surgery and are at increased risk for PONV. These guidelines identify patients at risk for PONV in adults and children; recommend approaches for reducing baseline risks for PONV; identify the most effective antiemetic single therapy and combination therapy regimens for PONV prophylaxis, including nonpharmacologic approaches; recommend strategies for treatment of PONV when it occurs; provide an algorithm for the management of individuals at increased risk for PONV as well as steps to ensure PONV prevention and treatment are implemented in the clinical setting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gan, TJ; Diemunsch, P; Habib, AS; Kovac, A; Kranke, P; Meyer, TA; Watcha, M; Chung, F; Angus, S; Apfel, CC; Bergese, SD; Candiotti, KA; Chan, MT; Davis, PJ; Hooper, VD; Lagoo-Deenadayalan, S; Myles, P; Nezat, G; Philip, BK; Tramèr, MR; Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia,

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 118 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 85 - 113

PubMed ID

  • 24356162

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24356162

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1526-7598

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-2999

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1213/ane.0000000000000002

Language

  • eng