Outcomes of acute type a dissection repair before and after implementation of a multidisciplinary thoracic aortic surgery program.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the results of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) repair before and after implementation of a multidisciplinary thoracic aortic surgery program (TASP) at our institution, with dedicated high-volume thoracic aortic surgeons, a multidisciplinary approach to thoracic aortic disease management, and a standardized protocol for ATAAD repair. BACKGROUND: Outcomes of ATAAD repair may be improved when operations are performed at specialized high-volume thoracic aortic surgical centers. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2011, 128 patients underwent ATAAD repair at our institution. Records of patients who underwent ATAAD repair 6 years before (n = 56) and 6 years after (n = 72) implementation of the TASP were retrospectively compared. Expected operative mortality rates were calculated using the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection pre-operative prediction model. RESULTS: Baseline risk profiles and expected operative mortality rates were comparable between patients who underwent surgery before and after implementation of the TASP. Operative mortality before TASP implementation was 33.9% and was statistically equivalent to the expected operative mortality rate of 26.0% (observed-to-expected mortality ratio 1.30; p = 0.54). Operative mortality after TASP implementation fell to 2.8% and was statistically improved compared with the expected operative mortality rate of 18.2% (observed-to-expected mortality ratio 0.15; p = 0.005). Differences in survival persisted over long-term follow-up, with 5-year survival rates of 85% observed for TASP patients compared with 55% for pre-TASP patients (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: ATAAD repair can be performed with results approximating those of elective proximal aortic surgery when operations are performed by a high-volume multidisciplinary thoracic aortic surgery team. Efforts to standardize or centralize care of patients undergoing ATAAD are warranted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Andersen, ND; Ganapathi, AM; Hanna, JM; Williams, JB; Gaca, JG; Hughes, GC

Published Date

  • May 6, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 63 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 1796 - 1803

PubMed ID

  • 24412454

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24412454

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.10.085

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States