Subgroup variations in bone mineral density response to zoledronic acid after hip fracture.


Journal Article

Minimizing post-fracture bone loss is an important aspect of recovery from hip fracture, and determination of factors that affect bone mineral density (BMD) response to treatment after hip fracture may assist in the development of targeted therapeutic interventions. A post hoc analysis of the HORIZON Recurrent Fracture Trial was done to determine the effect of zoledronic acid (ZOL) on total hip (TH) and femoral neck (FN) BMD in subgroups with low-trauma hip fracture. A total of 2127 patients were randomized (1:1) to yearly infusions of ZOL 5 mg (n = 1065) or placebo (n = 1062) within 90 days of operation for low-trauma hip fracture. The 1486 patients with a baseline and at least one post-baseline BMD assessment at TH or FN (ZOL = 745, placebo = 741) were included in the analyses. Percentage change from baseline in TH and FN BMD was assessed at months 12 and 24 and compared across subgroups of hip fracture patients. Percentage change from baseline in TH and FN BMD at months 12 and 24 was greater (p < 0.05) in ZOL-treated patients compared with placebo in most subgroups. Treatment-by-subgroup interactions (p < 0.05) indicated that a greater effect on BMD was observed for TH BMD at month 12 in females, in patients in the lower tertile body mass index at baseline (≤22.6 kg/m(2) ), and in patients with baseline FN BMD T-score of ≤ -2.5; for FN BMD in patients who received ZOL for >6 weeks post-surgery; and for TH and FN BMD in patients with a history of one or more prior fractures. All interactions were limited to the first 12 months after treatment with none observed for the 24-month comparisons. (Clinical trial registration number NCT00046254.)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Magaziner, JS; Orwig, DL; Lyles, KW; Nordsletten, L; Boonen, S; Adachi, JD; Recknor, C; Colón-Emeric, CS; Mesenbrink, P; Bucci-Rechtweg, C; Su, G; Johnson, R; Pieper, CF

Published Date

  • December 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 2545 - 2551

PubMed ID

  • 24839241

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24839241

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-4681

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jbmr.2283


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States