Missing genetic risk in neural tube defects: can exome sequencing yield an insight?
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTD) have a strong genetic component, with up to 70% of variance in human prevalence determined by heritable factors. Although the identification of causal DNA variants by sequencing candidate genes from functionally relevant pathways and model organisms has provided some success, alternative approaches are demanded. METHODS: Next generation sequencing platforms are facilitating the production of massive amounts of sequencing data, primarily from the protein coding regions of the genome, at a faster rate and cheaper cost than has previously been possible. These platforms are permitting the identification of variants (de novo, rare, and common) that are drivers of NYTD etiology, and the cost of the approach allows for the screening of increased numbers of affected and unaffected individuals from NTD families and in simplex cases. CONCLUSION: The next generation sequencing platforms represent a powerful tool in the armory of the genetics researcher to identify the causal genetic basis of NTDs.
Krupp, DR; Soldano, KL; Garrett, ME; Cope, H; Ashley-Koch, AE; Gregory, SG
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