Assessment of single-bolus contrast administration technique using hybrid dual-source ECG-gated thoracic and dual-source non-ECG-gated high-pitch abdominopelvic CT acquisitions for procedural planning before transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess vascular contrast opacification and homogeneity using single-bolus contrast administration with hybrid thoracic and abdominopelvic computed tomographic angiography in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Combination electrocardiogram-gated thoracic and dual-source, high-pitch abdominopelvic computed tomographic angiography examinations of 50 patients with severe aortic stenosis between December 2013 and March 2014 were reviewed. Contrast administration was individualized to patient-specific physiology. Image analysis of vascular opacification was obtained and interdependencies of vascular contrast and homogeneity of contrast distribution were assessed. RESULTS: The mean volume of contrast administered was 106 ± 11.7 mL. Mean attenuation was 371 ± 90.7 Hounsfield units (HU) in the thoracic aorta and 388 ± 95.9 HU in the abdominal aorta. Homogeneous opacification was obtained throughout with coefficient of variation of 11%. CONCLUSIONS: Procedural planning for transcatheter aortic valve replacement can be achieved using a single-injection bolus contrast protocol in combination with a 2-part multidetector computed tomographic image acquisition technique with optimal opacification of major arterial structures.
Walker, WL; Boll, DT; Bueno, JM; Kiefer, TL; Vavalle, JP; Gaca, JG; Harrison, JK; Hughes, GC; Wang, A; Hurwitz, LM
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